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The first issue is scheduled to be published in Dec. 2018.

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CCS Chemistry is the flagship general journal for the cutting edge and fundamental research in the areas of chemica research facing global audiences published by Chinese Chemical Society. We call for excellent papers cover but not limited to synthetic chemistry, catalysis & surface chemistry, chemical theory and mechanism, chemical metrology, materials & energy chemistry, environmental chemistry, chemical biology, chemical engineering and industrial chemistry. Professional arrangement ensures that all papers can be reviewed and published online quickly and efficiently (one or two weeks).

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Transition metal-based electrocatalysts for overall water splitting
Xiao-Peng Li , Can Huang , Wen-Kai Han , Ting Ouyang , Zhao-Qing Liu
2021, 32(9): 2597-2616  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.047
[Abstract](29) [FullText HTML] [PDF 16677KB](3)
Electrochemical overall water splitting is attracting a broad focus as a promising strategy for converting the electrical output of renewable resources into chemical fuels, specifically oxygen and hydrogen. However, the urgent challenge in water electrolysis is to search for low-cost, high-efficiency catalysts based on earth-abundant elements as an alternative to the high-cost but effective noble metal-based catalysts. The transition metal-based catalysts are more appealing than the noble metal catalysts because of its low cost, high performance and long stability. Some recent advances for the development in overall water splitting are reviewed in terms of transition metal-based oxides, carbides, phosphides, sulfides, and hybrids of their mixtures as hybrid bifunctional electrocatalysts. Concentrating on different catalytic mechanisms, recent advances in their structural design, controllable synthesis, mechanistic insight, and performance-enhancing strategies are proposed. The challenges and prospects for the future development of transition metal-based bifunctional electrocatalysts are also addressed.
Recent advances in kaolinite-based material for photocatalysts
Zhou Cao , Qizhao Wang , Hongfei Cheng
2021, 32(9): 2617-2628  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.009
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3588KB](0)
The composite catalytic materials based on the mineral kaolinite are considered to be a potential approach for solving global energy scarcity and environmental pollution, which have excellent catalytic performance, low cost and excellent chemical stability. However, pure kaolinite does not have visible light absorption ability and cannot be used as a potential photocatalytic material. Fortunately, the unique physical and chemical properties of kaolinite can be acted as a good semiconductor carrier. Herein, this paper firstly presents the mineralogical characteristics of kaolinite. Next, kaolinite-based photocatalysts (such as TiO2/kaolinite, g-C3N4/kaolinite, g-C3N4/TiO2/kaolinite, ZnO) are discussed in detail from the formation of heterostructures, synthesis-modification methods, photocatalytic mechanisms, and electron transfer pathways. Furthermore, the specific role of kaolinite in photocatalytic materials is summarized and discussed. In addition, the photocatalytic applications of kaolinite-based photocatalysts in the fields of water decomposition, pollutant degradation, bacterial disinfection are reviewed. However, the modification of kaolinite is hard, the manufacture of a large number of kaolinite-based photocatalysts is difficult, the cost of doping noble metals is expensive, and the utilization rate of visible light is low, which limits its application in industrial practice. Finally, this paper presents some perspectives on the future development of kaolinite-based photocatalysts.
Application of magnetic solid phase extraction in separation and enrichment of glycoproteins and glycopeptides
He Qi , Liyan Jiang , Qiong Jia
2021, 32(9): 2629-2636  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.037
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2460KB](0)
The analysis of endogenous glycoproteins and glycopeptides in human body fluids is of great importance for screening and discovering disease biomarkers with clinical significance. However, the presence of interfering substances makes the direct quantitative detection of low-abundance glycoproteins and glycopeptides in human body fluids one of the great challenges in analytical chemistry. Magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) has the advantages of easy preparation, low cost and good magnetic responsiveness. Magnetic adsorbents are the core of MSPE technology, and magnetic adsorbents based on different functional materials are widely used in the quantitative analysis of glycoproteins and glycopeptides in human body fluids, making it possible to analyze glycoproteins and glycopeptides with low abundance as well as multiple types, which provides a technical platform for screening and evaluating glycoproteins and glycopeptides in body fluids as disease biomarkers. In this paper, we focus on the recent advances in the application of MSPE technology and magnetic adsorbents for the separation and enrichment of glycoproteins and glycopeptides in human body fluids, and the future trends and application prospects in this field are also presented.
Selective adsorption of phosphate in water using lanthanum-based nanomaterials: A critical review
Mamitiana Roger Razanajatovo , Wenyan Gao , Yaran Song , Xuan Zhao , Qina Sun , Qingrui Zhang
2021, 32(9): 2637-2647  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.046
[Abstract](26) [FullText HTML] [PDF 6397KB](1)
In recent years, lanthanum-based nanomaterials (La-NMs) are selected as an efficient nano-adsorbent for phosphate removal because La3+ has a strong affinity with oxygen-donor atoms from phosphate. Additionally, there are a broad interest and literature base for the effect of different synthesis optimization and environmental parameters on the adsorption performance of La-NMs. A considerable amount of research has also investigated the regeneration and application of La-NMs to real wastewater in a laboratory scale. Based on the literature survey, it was found that La-NMs are often produced via co-precipitation and hydrothermal methods. Moreover, phosphate's adsorption process and behavior onto La-NMs are described well with the pseudo-second-order model and Langmuir model. The interaction mechanism between phosphate and La-NMs are dominated by ligand exchange, surface complexation and electrostatic attraction. Furthermore, phosphate could easily desorb from La-NMs due to the weak H-bonding interaction between phosphate and the H-bond acceptor groups on the surface of La-NMs. Despite the wealth of literature available in this area, there is a lack of systematic review to evaluate the gaps in the use of La-NMs to eliminate phosphate in water. In this review, we mainly summarize and discuss the role and the effect of the synthesis techniques on the physicochemical properties and the adsorption behavior of La-NMs. The possible adsorption mechanism, regeneration efficiency, and the application of La-NMs to the real environmental samples are also presented and highlighted.
Role of MXene surface terminations in electrochemical energy storage: A review
Zhuoheng Bao , Chengjie Lu , Xin Cao , Peigen Zhang , Li Yang , Heng Zhang , Dawei Sha , Wei He , Wei Zhang , Long Pan , Zhengming Sun
2021, 32(9): 2648-2658  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.012
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 8195KB](0)
MXenes are a group of recently discovered 2D materials and have attracted extensive attention since their first report in 2011; they have shown excellent prospects for energy storage applications owing to their unique layered microstructure and tunable electrical properties. One major feature of MXenes is their tailorable surface terminations (e.g., −F, −O, −OH). Numerous studies have indicated that the composition of the surface terminations can significantly impact the electrochemical properties of MXenes. Nonetheless, the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood, mainly because of the difficulties in quantitative analysis and characterization. This review summarizes the latest research progress on MXene terminations. First, a systematic introduction to the approaches for preparing MXenes is presented, which generally dominates the surface terminations. Then, theoretical and experimental efforts regarding the surface terminations are discussed, and the influence of surface terminations on the electronic and electrochemical properties of MXenes are generalized. Finally, we present the significance and research prospects of MXene terminations. We expect this review to encourage research on MXenes and provide guidance for usingthese materials for batteries and supercapacitors.
Recent progress of composite solid polymer electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium metal batteries
Qingjiang Yu , Kecheng Jiang , Cuiling Yu , Xianjin Chen , Chuanjian Zhang , Yi Yao , Bin Jiang , Huijin Long
2021, 32(9): 2659-2678  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.032
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 19648KB](0)
In comparison with lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) with liquid electrolytes, all-solid-state lithium batteries (ASSLBs) have been considered as promising systems for future energy storage due to their safety and high energy density. As the pivotal component used in ASSLBs, composite solid polymer electrolytes (CSPEs), derived from the incorporation of inorganic fillers into solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs), exhibit higher ionic conductivity, better mechanical strength, and superior thermal/electrochemical stability compared to the single-component SPEs, which can significantly promote the electrochemical performance of ASSLBs. Herein, the recent advances of CSPEs applied in ASSLBs are presented. The effects of the category, morphology and concentration of inorganic fillers on the ionic conductivity, mechanical strength, electrochemical window, interfacial stability and possible Li+ transfer mechanism of CSPEs will be systematically discussed. Finally, the challenges and perspectives are proposed for the future development of high-performance CSPEs and ASSLBs.
Recent advances in nonmetallic atom-doped metal nanocrystals: Synthesis and catalytic applications
Ruiyun Guo , Ke Zhang , Shangdong Ji , Yangzi Zheng , Mingshang Jin
2021, 32(9): 2679-2692  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.041
[Abstract](25) [FullText HTML] [PDF 7950KB](0)
Metal nanocrystals have been recognized as the main catalytic materials in many fields, but insufficient activity and stability, as well as high prices, have limited their large-scale potential applications. As one of the extremely promising alternatives toward metal in boosting their catalytic performance, nonmetallic atoms-doped metal nanocrystals have recently received extensive attention because of their high efficiency, chemical and structural durability, abundant reserve, and low cost. In this review, we highlight the most recent progress in this field and provide insights into their catalytic applications. The metal-nonmetal nanocrystals prepared by doping metal nanocrystals with nonmetallic atoms are introduced and classified based on the types of nonmetallic atoms, including metal hydrides, borides, carbides, nitrides, oxides, phosphides, and chalcogenides. Besides, their applications in catalysis, especially in electrocatalysis and organic catalysis, have been summarized and discussed. Finally, the conclusions and perspectives are given for the catalysis-driven rational design of metal-nonmetal nanocrystals in this minireview.
Structural engineering design of carbon dots for lubrication
Chuang He , E Shuang , Honghao Yan , Xiaojie Li
2021, 32(9): 2693-2714  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.026
[Abstract](21) [FullText HTML] [PDF 21670KB](0)
Carbon dots (CDs) have opened up a new field of carbon nanomaterials and successively attracted increasing attention since their discovery in 2004. Owing to their ultrasmall size, tunable surface functional groups, excellent dispersibility, attractive stability, low toxicity, environmental friendliness, facile synthesis and low-cost precursors, CDs have been developed as green and promising friction-reducing and anti-wear materials in lubrication science, applied to energy conservation and extension of mechanical service life in recent years. However, there are few reviews focusing on the application of CDs in the important field of lubrication. In this review, we comprehensively summarize the development of CDs in lubrication for the first time. Firstly, three strategies for structural engineering design of CDs to improve their tribological characteristics are fully analyzed, in terms of size and shape control, surface modification and heteroatom doping. Secondly, the advance in lubrication application of CDs, including CDs as additives for lubricants, greases, gel and magnetorheological fluids as well as CDs as lubricating coatings, is systematically highlighted. Thirdly, the lubricating mechanisms of CDs as additives are introduced in detail. Furthermore, the remaining major challenges and opportunities for CDs in lubrication field are discussed and outlined.
Nanozymes for regulation of reactive oxygen species and disease therapy
Yujie Dai , Yiming Ding , Linlin Li
2021, 32(9): 2715-2728  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.036
[Abstract](31) [FullText HTML] [PDF 14817KB](0)
With high catalytic activity and stability, nanozymes have huge advantage in generating or eliminating the reactive oxygen species (ROS) due to their intrinsic enzyme-mimicking abilities, therefore attracting wide attention in ROS-related disease therapy. To better design nanozyme-based platforms for ROS-related biological application, we firstly illustrate the catalytic mechanism of different activities, and then introduce different strategies for using nanozymes to augment or reduce ROS level for the applications in cancer therapy, pathogen infection, neurodegeneration, etc. Finally, the challenges and future opportunities are proposed for the development and application of nanozymes.
Recent advances towards electrochemical transformations of α-keto acids
Jingjing Li , Sheng Zhang , Kun Xu
2021, 32(9): 2729-2735  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.027
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 5207KB](2)
As a kind of environmentally benign reagents, α-keto acids have been extensively employed as key starting materials in organic synthesis. Organic electrosynthesis has the advantages of reducing byproduct generation, improving the cost-efficiency of synthetic processes, and accessing reactive intermediates under mild conditions. Inspired by the merits of organic electrosynthesis, α-keto acids have shown many synthetic applications in electrochemical acylation, cyclization, and reductive amination reactions with improved efficiencies and selectivities. This review covers the recent breakthroughs achieved in the electrochemical transformations of α-keto acids, aimed at highlighting these electrochemical reactions' features and mechanistic rationalisations. Meanwhile, the practicalities and limitations of these transformations are also presented where possible.
Recent progress in the synthesis of sulfonyl fluorides for SuFEx click chemistry
Tao Zhong , Zhida Chen , Jitao Yi , Gui Lu , Jiang Weng
2021, 32(9): 2736-2750  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.035
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 9640KB](0)
Since the sulfur(VI) fluoride exchange reaction (SuFEx) was introduced by Sharpless and co-workers in 2014, this new-generation click chemistry has emerged as an efficient and reliable tool for creating modular intermolecular connections. Sulfonyl fluorides, one of the most important sulfur(VI) fluoride species, have attracted enormous attention in diverse fields, ranging from organic synthesis and material science, to chemical biology and drug discovery. This review aims to introduce seminal and recent progresses on the synthetic methods of sulfonyl fluorides, which include aromatic, aliphatic, alkenyl, and alkynyl sulfonyl fluorides. While not meant to be exhaustive, the purpose is to give a timely overview and insight in this field, and stimulate the development of more efficient synthetic methods of sulfonyl fluorides.
Narasaka reaction: Desilylative acylation of 1-alkenylsilanes with acid anhydrides
Wei Xiao , Jie Wu
2021, 32(9): 2751-2755  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.033
[Abstract](20) [FullText HTML] [PDF 5015KB](0)
Recent advances in the desilylative acylation of 1-alkenylsilanes with acid anhydrides under transition metal catalysis are summarized. This catalytic desilylative acylation of 1-alkenylsilanes provides an efficient route to α, β-unsaturated ketones by using rhodium or iridium as the catalyst. Moreover, various one pot sequence reactions have been developed, which can synthesize α, β-unsaturated ketones from simple starting materials in an economic way. Additionally, this approach is applied to the asymmetric synthesis of atropisomers possessing silanol groups with excellent enantioselectivity.
Pd-catalyzed halocyclizations of unactivated 1, 6-diynes through a formal anti-carbopalladation/bromide radical cascade
Zhihua Wang , Li Wei , Zhendong Cheng , Jianhui Xia , Zhiyuan Chen
2021, 32(9): 2756-2760  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.030
[Abstract](20) [FullText HTML] [PDF 4238KB](0)
We report a Pd-catalyzed halocyclization of unactivated 1, 6-diynes with N-bromosuccinimide (NBS). This approach produces stereo-defined dibromo substituted dihydropyrans, tetrahydropyridines, and 3-methylene cyclohexenes with exocyclic double bond appendages in mostly good yields. Copper salt was found to be a useful Lewis acid in this reaction. Mechanistically, a formal anti-carbopalladation and a bromide radical promoted PdII-PdIII-PdI-PdII catalytic cycles were proposed to be involved in the formation of the dibromo-substituted products. Further functionalization of the dihydropyran derivatives underwent B(C6F5)3-catalyzed ring opening, and reduction afforded dibrominated 1, 3-dienes with excellent stereoselectivity.
Synergistic effect of T80/B30 vesicles and T80/PN320 mixed micelles with Se/C on nasal mucosal immunity
Hongen Cao , Ruonan Ma , Sainan Chu , Juqun Xi , Lei Yu , Rong Guo
2021, 32(9): 2761-2764  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.029
[Abstract](21) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2366KB](0)
Selenium doped carbon (Se/C), an easily fabricated material, was found to be bio-active and it can serve as an adjuvant to enhance the immune effect of Tween 80/Brij 30 (T80/B30) vesicles and Tween 80/polymer cationic surfactant PN320 (T80/PN320) mixed micelles. The synergistic effect of the combination of T80/B30 vesicles and T80/PN320 mixed micelles with Se/C on nasal mucosal immunity was studied in this work, which might provide theoretical basis for developing the related new adjuvant for nasal immunization of recombinant protein, peptide and split protein vaccine. Since both selenium and carbon were bio-compatible elements, Se/C might be safe for practical applications, and this was also reflected by the low hemolytic activity of the materials. This work not only reports an efficient protocol for adjuvant development, but also significantly expands the application scope of selenium chemistry.
Palladium-catalyzed diarylative dearomatization of indoles with aryl thioesters
Wei Huang , Ming-Liang Han , Yu-Wen Liu , Hui Xu , Hui-Xiong Dai
2021, 32(9): 2765-2768  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.048
[Abstract](21) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3895KB](0)
We report herein a palladium-catalyzed diarylative dearomatization of indole by employing thioester and arylboronic acid as the aryl electrophiles. The reaction involved a decarbonylation/migratory insertion/terminal Suzuki coupling procedure. Substrates bearing various functional groups are well tolerated in the reaction, affording the diarylated indoline skeletons in moderate to good yields.
Origins of catalyst-controlled enantiodivergent hydroamination of enones with pyridazinones: A computational study
Xiangwei Ren , Hongli Wu , Mei Zhang , Wentao Zhao , Genping Huang
2021, 32(9): 2769-2772  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.049
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3914KB](0)
Density functional theory calculations have been performed to investigate the dipeptide phosphine-catalyzed hydroamination of enones with pyridazinones. The computations reveal that a number of the NH···O hydrogen-bonding interactions with the pyridazinone moiety and the C-H···O hydrogen-bonding interactions with the enone moiety are present in the enantioselectivity-determining Michael addition transition states. The experimentally-observed catalyst-controlled enantiodivergence is mainly attributed to the significant impact of the substituent of the amide moiety of the dipeptide phosphine on the relative strength of the NH···O hydrogen-bonding interactions, which was found to affect the Si face attack transition state, enabling the enantioselectivity switch upon change of chiral dipeptide phosphine catalyst.
Pyrrole/macrocycle/MOF supramolecular co-assembly for flexible solid state supercapacitors
Shan-Shan Jia , Wen-Shi Xu , Yong Chen , Yu Liu
2021, 32(9): 2773-2776  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.002
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3116KB](0)
Supramolecular assemblies constructed through the encapsulation of conductive polymers (CPs) by macrocyclic molecules have attracted increasing interest in the fields of supramolecular chemistry and electrochemistry. In this work, an effective strategy was reported to improve the stability and conductivity of CPs by electrochemically constructing different supramolecular assemblies composed of macrocycles and CPs. Typically, we uploaded zinc-based MOF (ZIF-8) onto carbon nanotube film (CNTF) and further electrically deposited macrocycles and CPs to gain the flexible conductive electrodes. Herein, five different supramolecular macrocycles, including α-cyclodextrin (α-CD), sulfato-β-cyclodextrin (SCD), sulfonatocalix[4]arene (SC[4]), cucurbit[6]uril (CB[6]) and cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]) were utilized and the electrochemical performances of the assembly electrodes increased in an order of α-CD < SCD < SC[4] < CB[6] < CB[7], significantly improving the areal capacitance up to 1533 mF/cm2. This strategy may provide a new way for the application of macrocyclic supramolecules in electrochemical systems.
Silver-catalyzed decarboxylative C-H functionalization of cyclic aldimines with aliphatic carboxylic acids
Jingjing Wang , Xue Liu , Ziyan Wu , Feng Li , Tingting Qin , Siyuan Zhang , Weiguang Kong , Lantao Liu
2021, 32(9): 2777-2781  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.011
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 4066KB](0)
Silver-catalyzed decarboxylative C-H alkylation of cyclic aldimines with abundant aliphatic carboxylic acids has been realized under mild reaction conditions generating the corresponding products in moderate to good yields (32%-91%). In addition, a gram-scale reaction, late-stage modification of drug, synthetic transformation of the product, and further application of the catalytic strategy were also performed. Preliminary studies indicate that the reaction undergoes a radical process.
Isotypic heterojunction based on Fe-doped and terephthalaldehyde-modified carbon nitride for improving photocatalytic degradation with simultaneous hydrogen production
Xun-Heng Jiang , Fan Yu , Dai-She Wu , Lei Tian , Ling-Ling Zheng , Li-Sha Chen , Peng Chen , Long-Shuai Zhang , Hui Zeng , Ying Chen , Jian-Ping Zou
2021, 32(9): 2782-2786  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.011
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 5045KB](0)
To achieve an efficient photocatalytic for clean energy production and environmental remediation, the highly active Fe-doped and terephthalaldehyde-modified carbon nitride (Fe-CN/NTE) isotypic heterojunction photocatalyst is constructed via a simple annealing method for degradation of organic pollutants with simultaneous resource recovery. The Fe-CN/NTE catalyst exhibits a 93% removal rate of p-nitrophenol (4-NP) and a 1.72 mmol/g H2 evolution rate in 2 h simultaneously under visible light irradiation, which are higher than those of pristine CN, Fe-CN, and NTE, respectively. Photoelectrochemical tests show that the excellent photocatalytic performance of Fe-CN/NTE comes from the improved migration, transportation, and separation of photoinduced charge carriers and expanded light-harvesting range. Moreover, hydroxyl radical (OH), electron (e), and hole (h+) are the main active species and the rational mechanism of 4-NP photodegradation was proposed based on scavenger measurements and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), respectively. Isotypic heterojunction Fe-CN/NTE photocatalyst possesses excellent stability in the H2 evolution and 4-NP degradation during five-run cycle tests, posing as a promising candidate in practical works for organic pollution and energy challenges.
A carbon-rich g-C3N4 with promoted charge separation for highly efficient photocatalytic degradation of amoxicillin
Dan Huang , Xianbo Sun , Yongdi Liu , Haodong Ji , Wen Liu , Chong-Chen Wang , Weiyu Ma , Zhengqing Cai
2021, 32(9): 2787-2791  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.012
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 5567KB](0)
A novel carbon-rich g-C3N4 nanosheets with large surface area was prepared by facile thermal polymerization method using urea and 1, 3, 5-cyclohexanetriol. Plenty of carbon-rich functional groups were introduced into the surface layers of g-C3N4, which constructed the built-in electric field (BIEF) and resulted in improved charge separation; therefore, the carbon-rich g-C3N4 displayed superior photocatalytic activity for amoxicillin degradation under solar light. The contaminant degradation mechanism was proposed based on radical quenching experiments, intermediates analysis and density functional theory (DFT) calculation. Moreover, the reusing experiments showed the high stability of the material, and the amoxicillin degradation under various water matrix parameters indicated its high applicability on pollutants treatment, all of which demonstrated its high engineering application potentials.
Sequential separation of Cu(Ⅱ)/Ni(Ⅱ)/Fe(Ⅱ) from strong-acidic pickling wastewater with a two-stage process based on a bi-pyridine chelating resin
Yingzhi Lv , Lidan Zong , Zicheng Liu , Jianwei Du , Fenghe Wang , Yanhong Zhang , Chen Ling , Fuqiang Liu
2021, 32(9): 2792-2796  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.038
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 5652KB](0)
A self-synthesized bi-pyridine chelating resin (PAPY) could separate Cu(Ⅱ)/Ni(Ⅱ)/Fe(Ⅱ) sequentially from strong-acidic pickling wastewater by a two-stage pH-adjusted process, in which Cu(Ⅱ), Ni(Ⅱ), and Fe(Ⅱ) were successively preferred by PAPY. In the first stage (pH 1.0), the separation factor of Cu(Ⅱ) over Ni(Ⅱ) reached 61.43 in Cu(Ⅱ)-Ni(Ⅱ)-Fe(Ⅱ) systems. In the second stage (pH 2.0), the separation factor of Ni(Ⅱ) over Fe(Ⅱ) reached 92.82 in Ni(Ⅱ)-Fe(Ⅱ) systems. Emphasis was placed on the selective separation of Cu(Ⅱ) and Ni(Ⅱ) in the first-stage. The adsorption amounts of Cu(Ⅱ) onto PAPY were 1.2 mmol/g in the first stage, while those of Ni(Ⅱ) and Fe(Ⅱ) were lower than 0.3 mmol/g. Cu(Ⅱ) adsorption was hardly affected by Ni(Ⅱ) with the presence of dense Fe(Ⅱ), but Cu(Ⅱ) inhibited Ni(Ⅱ) adsorption strongly. Part of preloaded Ni(Ⅱ) could be replaced by Cu(Ⅱ) based on the replacement effect. Compared with the absence of Fe(Ⅱ), dense Fe(Ⅱ) could obviously enhance the separation of Cu(Ⅱ)-Ni(Ⅱ). More than 95.0% of Cu(Ⅱ) could be removed in the former 240 BV (BV for bed volume of the adsorbent) in the fixed-bed adsorption column process with the flow rate of 2.5 BV/h. As proved by X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS) and density functional theory (DFT) analyses, Cu(Ⅱ) exerted a much stronger deprotonation and chelation ability toward PAPY than Ni(Ⅱ) and Fe(Ⅱ). Thus, the work shows a great potential in the separation and purification of heavy metal resources from strong-acidic pickling wastewaters.
Amorphous molybdenum sulfide mediated EDTA with multiple active sites to boost heavy metal ions removal
Qi Huang , Yizhong Zhang , Wei Zhou , Xiang Huang , Yiliang Chen , Xin Tan , Tao Yu
2021, 32(9): 2797-2802  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2020.12.020
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 8014KB](0)
The rational design of strong affinity adsorbents for heavy metal ions removal remains a critical challenge for water treatment. In this study, amorphous molybdenum sulfide composites (EDTA-MoSx (x=2, 3)) were fabricated via a facile hydrothermal method mediated by EDTA, which was applied to heavy metal ions (Cu2+, Cd2+, Pb2+, Zn2+ and Ni2+) removal from aqueous solutions. A case study for Cu2+ ions showed that the adsorption capacity of EDTA-MoSx (x=2, 3) was superior to crystalline phase MoS2 at pH 6.0 with an initial concentration of 200 mg/L. Adsorption mechanisms of different sulfide groups and -COOH of EDTA-MoSx (x=2, 3) were verified systematically via a series of experiments, characterizations, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Both bridging S22− and -COOH covalently bonded with Cu2+ ions were ascribed to the critical factors for this enhanced removal efficiency on the surface of EDTA-MoSx (x=2, 3). This work offers a new method to enhance the adsorption performance of molybdenum sulfide-based materials by controlling crystallinity mediated with an organic complex small molecule.
Density functional theory investigation on selective adsorption of VOCs on borophene
Wenlang Li , Quanguo Jiang , Didi Li , Zhimin Ao , Taicheng An
2021, 32(9): 2803-2806  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.026
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2468KB](0)
In the field of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) pollution control, adsorption is one of the major control methods, and effective adsorbents are desired in this technology. In this work, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations are employed to investigate the adsorption of typical VOCs molecules on the two-dimensional material borophenes. The results demonstrate that both structure of χ3 and β12 borophene can chemically adsorb ethylene and formaldehyde with forming chemical bonds and releasing large energy. However, other VOCs, including ethane, methanol, formic acid, methyl chloride, benzene and toluene, are physically adsorbed with weak interaction. The analysis of density of states (DOS) reveals that the chemical adsorption changes the conductivity of borophenes, while the physical adsorption has no distinct effect on the conductivity. Therefore, both χ3 and β12 borophene are appropriate adsorbents for selective adsorption of ethylene and formaldehyde, and they also have potential in gas sensor applications due to the obvious conductivity change during the adsorption.
Highly sensitive colorimetric detection of NH3 based on Au@Ag@AgCl core-shell nanoparticles
Zhiwei Qiu , Yitong Xue , Jiyong Li , Yunzhi Zhang , Xinyi Liang , Congying Wen , Houjian Gong , Jingbin Zeng
2021, 32(9): 2807-2811  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.029
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 5610KB](0)
As an important component of the atmosphere, ammonia (NH3) plays a very important role in maintaining the balance of environment. However, it is also one of the most toxic gases that can cause damage to the human respiratory system and mucous membranes even at low concentrations. As such, development of highly sensitive and selective NH3 sensors is of high significance for environmental monitoring and health maintenance. Herein, we have synthesized Au@Ag@AgCl core-shell nanoparticles (NPs) by oxidative etching and precipitating Au@Ag core-shell NPs using FeCl3 and further used them as optical probes for the colorimetric detection of NH3. The sensing mechanism is based on the fact that the etching of NH3 on AgCl and Ag shell leads to the variations of ingredients and core-to-shell ratio of the Au@Ag@AgCl NPs, thereby inducing noticeable spectral and color changes. By replacing the outmost layer of Ag with AgCl, not only is the stability of the sensor against oxygen significantly enhanced, but also is the sensitivity of the method improved. The method exhibits good linear relationship for the detection of NH3 from 0 to 5000 μmol/L with the limit of detection of 6.4 μmol/L. This method was successfully applied to the detection of simulated air polluted by NH3, indicating its practical applicability for environmental monitoring. This method shows great potential for on-site NH3 detection particularly in remote area, where a simple, fast, low-cost, and easy-to-handle method is highly desirable.
Organophosphate esters in water, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sediments of the Minjiang River, China
Hongling Yin , Qin Liu , Xu Deng , Xiaowen Liu , Shuhong Fang , Yuanming Xiong , Jiaojiao Song
2021, 32(9): 2812-2818  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.023
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3239KB](0)
As organic pollutants of emerging concern, organophosphate esters (OPEs) have shown toxicity to organisms after entering the water environment. However, research on OPEs in freshwater in Southwest China is very limited. The levels, distribution and partitioning behavior of OPEs in the Minjiang River and their influencing factors is still unknown. In this study, six OPEs, tri-n-butyl phosphate (TnBP), tri(2-chloroethyl)-phosphate (TCEP), trichloropropyl phosphate (TCPP), triphenyl phosphate (TPhP), tributoxyethyl phosphate (TBEP), and tris(2-ethylhexyl)-phosphate (TEHP), were determined in surface water, suspended particle matter (SPM) and sediments of the Minjiang River. The results showed that the average concentrations of Σ6OPEs in surface water, SPM and sediments of the Minjiang River were 199.32±124.95 ng/L, 38463.79±45641.89 ng/g dry weight (dw) and 76.45±28.00 ng/g dw, respectively. High concentrations of OPEs were detected in SPM samples, indicating that more attention should be paid to pollution in SPM. It is worth noting that the variation trend of OPEs in SPM was almost opposite to that in water but basically similar to that in sediment. The proportions of alkyl OPEs in Σ6OPEs increased from surface water to SPM and sediments. Alkyl OPEs were the main pollutants in SPM (10.44%–80.88% of Σ6OPEs, mean of 54.52%) and sediments (59.08%–81.30% of Σ6OPEs, mean of 68.91%), whereas chlorinated OPEs were the most abundant components in surface water (43.16%–75.99% of Σ6OPEs, mean of 55.50%). The water-sediment partition coefficient (logKOC) of OPEs was 4.97–7.58, while the water-SPM partition coefficient was 6.71–10.00. No significant correlations were found between logKOW and logKOC. KOW was not the main factor affecting the distribution of OPEs in the Minjiang River, China.
Graphdiyne as a novel nonactive anode for wastewater treatment: A theoretical study
Guoshuai Liu , Yanan Zhou , Qun Yan , Yasmina Doekhi-Bennani
2021, 32(9): 2819-2822  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.017
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2907KB](0)
Electrochemical oxidation of water to produce highly reactive hydroxyl radicals (OH) is the dominant factor that accounts for the organic compounds removal efficiency in water treatment. As an emerging carbon-based material, the investigation of electrocatalytic of water to produce OH on Graphdiyne (GDY) anode is firstly evaluated by using first-principles calculations. The theoretical calculation results demonstrated that the GDY anode owns a large oxygen evolution reaction (OER) overpotential (ηOER=1.95 V) and a weak sorptive ability towards oxygen evolution intermediates (HO*, not OH). The high Gibbs energy change of HO* (3.18 eV) on GDY anode makes the selective production of OH (ΔG=2.4 eV) thermodynamically favorable. The investigation comprises the understanding of the relationship between OER to electrochemical advanced oxidation process (EAOP), and give a proof-of-concept of finding the novel and robust environmental EAOP anode at quantum chemistry level.
Efficient removal of tetracycline in water by a novel chemical and biological coupled system with non-woven cotton fabric as carrier
Peng Yang , Yuxuan Ye , Zidu Yan , Qiang Li , Kun Zhang , Yezhi Yang , Qiuyue Zhang , Hang Yin , Dongsheng Xia , Fei Pan
2021, 32(9): 2823-2827  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.028
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 7175KB](0)
As a novel wastewater treatment strategy, the intimate coupling of photocatalysis and biodegradation (ICPB) has been attracted attention, which is ascribed to its combination of the advantages of photocatalytic reactions and biological treatment. The selection of carriers is important since it affects the stability of the system and the removal efficiency of pollutants. In this study, a novel ICPB system was successfully constructed by loading photocatalytic materials (i.e., TiO2, N-TiO2, and Ag-TiO2) and microbes onto non-woven cotton fabric. The photocatalysts were characterized by scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). This system exhibited good performance in degrading tetracycline (TC) in water. The results showed that Ag-TiO2-ICPB had the maximum removal efficiency of tetracycline (94.7%) in 5 h, which was 16.5% higher than the photocatalysis alone. After five cycles, 82.9% of tetracycline could be still degraded through Ag-TiO2-ICPB. SEM spectrum showed microbes on the material changed little before and after the reactions. This result implied the materials were stable, and then beneficial for degrading of pollutants continuously. The intermediates were detected through ultraperformance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer (UPLC-MS) and the plausible degradation pathways were proposed. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) analysis showed OH and O2 were the main reactive oxygen species for TC degradation. In conclusion, the ICPB system with non-woven cotton fabric as a carrier has certain application prospects for antibiotic-containing wastewater.
Combustion synthesis of mesoporous CoAl2O4 for peroxymonosulfate activation to degrade organic pollutants
Sheng Guo , Huiling Tang , Liming You , Huali Zhang , Jun Li , Kun Zhou
2021, 32(9): 2828-2832  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.019
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2481KB](0)
A mesoporous cobalt aluminate (CoAl2O4) spinel is synthesized through a combustion method and adopted for the activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) to degrade organic pollutants. Multiple characterization procedures are conducted to investigate the morphology and physicochemical properties of the CoAl2O4 spinel. Due to its mesoporous structure, large surface area, and high electrical conductivity, the obtained CoAl2O4 exhibits remarkable catalytic activity for Rhodamine B (RhB) degradation. Its RhB degradation rate is 89.0 and 10.5 times greater than those of Co3O4 and CoAl2O4 spinel prepared by a precipitation method, respectively. Moreover, the mesoporous CoAl2O4 spinel demonstrates a broad operating pH range and excellent recyclability. The influence of several parameters (catalyst amount, PMS concentration, initial pH, and coexisting inorganic anions) on the oxidation of RhB is evaluated. Through quenching tests and electron paramagnetic resonance experiments, sulfate radicals are identified as the predominant reactive species in RhB degradation. This paper provides new insights for the development of efficient, stable, and reusable cobalt-based heterogeneous catalysts and promotes the application of persulfate activation technology for the treatment of refractory organic wastewater.
Highly ordered Nb2O5 nanochannel film with rich oxygen vacancies for electrocatalytic N2 reduction: Inactivation and regeneration of electrode
Jialu Wang , Shenghong Kang , Xiaoguang Zhu , Guozhong Wang , Haimin Zhang
2021, 32(9): 2833-2836  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.020
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 4980KB](0)
We report the fabrication of highly ordered Nb2O5 nanochannel film (Nb2O5-NCF) onto niobium foil by an anodization method. After thermal treatment, the obtained Nb2O5-NCF with rich oxygen vacancies exhibits electrochemical N2 reduction reaction (NRR) activity with an NH3 yield rate of 2.52×10−10 mol cm-2 s-1 and a faradaic efficiency of 9.81% at −0.4 V (vs. RHE) in 0.1 mol/L Na2SO4 electrolyte (pH 3.2). During electrocatalytic NRR, the Nb2O5-NCF takes place electrochromism (EC), along with a crystalline phase transformation from pseudo hexagonal phase to hexagonal phase owing to H+ insertion. This results in the reduced NRR activity due to the decrease of oxygen vacancies of hexagonal phase Nb2O5, which can be readily regenerated by low-temperature thermal treatment or applying an anodic potential, showing superior recycling reproducibility.
Engineering BiOBrxI1-x solid solutions with enhanced singlet oxygen production for photocatalytic benzylic C-H bond activation mediated by N-hydroxyl compounds
Yucui Bian , Yongpan Gu , Xiaofei Zhang , Haijun Chen , Zhongjun Li
2021, 32(9): 2837-2840  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.006
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3154KB](1)
The aerobic, selective oxidation of hydrocarbons via C-H bond activation is still a challenge. This work shows the achievement of the room temperature visible light driven photocatalytic activation of benzylic C-H bonds with N-hydroxysuccinimide over BiOBrxI1-x (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) solid solutions, whose valance bands were engineered through varying the ratio of bromide to iodide. The optimal BiOBr0.85I0.15 catalyst exhibited over 98% conversion ratio of ethylbenzene, which was about 3.9 and 8.9 times that of pure BiOBr and BiOI, respectively. The excellent photocatalytic activity of BiOBr0.85I0.15 solid solution can be ascribed to the orbital hybridization of the valence band containing both Br 4p and I 5p orbitals, which could promote photo-induced charge carrier separation and improve the generation of singlet oxygen. This work shed some light on the rational design of photocatalysts for targeted organic transformation.
Substituent position effect of Co porphyrin on oxygen electrocatalysis
Haoyuan Lv , Hongbo Guo , Kai Guo , Haitao Lei , Wei Zhang , Haoquan Zheng , Zuozhong Liang , Rui Cao
2021, 32(9): 2841-2845  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.032
[Abstract](33) [FullText HTML] [PDF 5428KB](0)
Substituent effect of metal porphyrin molecular catalysts plays a crucial role in determining the catalytic activity of oxygen electrocatalysis. Herein, substituent position effect of Co porphyrins on oxygen electrocatalysis, including the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), was investigated. Two Co porphyrins, namely 2, 4, 6-OMe-CoP and 3, 4, 5-OMe-CoP, were selected as the research objects. The ORR and OER performance was evaluated by drop-coating molecular catalysts on carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The resulted 3, 4, 5-OMe-CoP/CNT exhibited high bifunctional electrocatalytic activities and better long-term stability for both ORR and OER than 2, 4, 6-OMe-CoP/CNT. Furthermore, when applied in the Zn-air battery, 3, 4, 5-OMe-CoP/CNT exhibited comparable performance to that with precious metal-based materials. The enhanced catalytic activity may be attributed to the improved charge transfer rate, mass transfer and hydrophilicity. This work provides an effective strategy to further enhance catalytic activity by introducing substituent position effect, which is of great importance for developing more efficient energy-related electrocatalysts.
Reaction pathway change on plasmonic Au nanoparticles studied by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy
Ran Li , Can-Can Zhang , Dan Wang , Yan-Fang Hu , Yong-Long Li , Wei Xie
2021, 32(9): 2846-2850  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.014
[Abstract](25) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3324KB](0)
Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) are nanoscale sources of light and electrons, which are highly relevant for their extensive applications in the field of photocatalysis. Although a number of research works have been carried out on chemical reactions accelerated by the energetic hot electrons/holes, the possibility of reaction pathway change on the plasmonic Au surfaces has not been reported so far. In this proof-of-concept study, we find that Au NPs change the reaction pathway in photooxidation of alkyne under visible light irradiation. This reaction produces benzil (-CO-CO-) without the presence of Au NPs. In contrast, as indicated by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic (SERS) results, the C-C triple bonds (-C≡C-) adsorbed on Au NPs are converted into carboxyl (-COOH) and acyl chloride (-COCl) groups. The plasmonic Au NPs not only provide energetic charge carriers but also activate the reactant molecules as conventional heterogeneous catalysts. This study discloses the second role of plasmonic NPs in photocatalysis and bridges the gap between plasmon-driven and conventional heterogeneous catalysis.
Artful union of a zirconium-porphyrin MOF/GO composite for fabricating an aptamer-based electrochemical sensor with superb detecting performance
Hong-Kai Li , Hai-Lin Ye , Xiao-Xue Zhao , Xiao-Long Sun , Qian-Qian Zhu , Zhang-Ye Han , Rongrong Yuan , Hongming He
2021, 32(9): 2851-2855  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.042
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 11217KB](0)
More and more attentions have been focused on design and synthesis of novel metal-organic framework/graphene oxide (MOF/GO) composites with unique performance. Zirconium-porphyrin MOF (PCN-222) is in-situ synthesis with the existence of GO with −COOH group to artfully fabricate a PCN-222/GO composite. This composite can be employed as functional material to modify the working electrode. Thanks to excellent electrical conductivity of GO, abundant mesoporous channels and numerous Zr(Ⅳ) metal sites of PCN-222, this composite can immobilize a large amount of aptamer through strong π-π stacking interaction and high affinity between phosphate group of aptamer and Zr(Ⅳ) site of PCN-222 simultaneously. Hence, an ultra-sensitive electrochemical aptasensor based on PCN-222/GO composite can quantificationally detect trace chloramphenicol with limit of detection of 7.04 pg/mL (21.79 pmol/L) from 0.01 ng/mL to 50 ng/mL by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy even in real samples. Meanwhile, this fabricated aptasensor reveals good repeatability, outstanding selectivity and preferable long-term storage. This research provides a useful approach to construct MOF/GO composites for fabricating electrochemical aptasensors in the electrochemical detection field.
A novel phosphorus oxide quantum dots as an emissive nanomaterial for inorganic ions screening and bioimaging
Zhen Fang , Yuting Liang , Xiaomei Wang , Shuhan Zhang , Jun Yu , Hu Xu , Yuhong Wang
2021, 32(9): 2856-2860  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.024
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2842KB](0)
In this work, a novel blue-green fluorescence phosphorous oxide quantum dots (PO QDs) was synthesized by solvothermal method in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) solution without any protection treatment during synthesis. Upon excitation at 400 nm, PO QDs emitted blue-green fluorescence with quantum yield of 0.28. PO QDs exhibited the high inertness to air or moisture, the excellent water solubility, and stable emission intensity in a wide pH range and in high ionic strength solution. Interestingly, PO QDs could give the positive optical response to iron ions (Fe3+) and iodine ion (I). The photoluminescence (PL) of PO QDs could be directly quenched by Fe3+. While I quenched the PO QDs PL by means of Ag+-mediated PO QDs system via the internal filtration effects (IFE) induced by the formation of AgI. Moreover, the biocompatibility and low toxicity of PO QDs verified in bean sprout and Hela cells indicated the promising application of PO QDs in medicine related fields. Furthermore, PO QDs could also be utilized in luminescent composite film for various application scenarios
Flexibly regulated electrochemiluminescence of all-inorganic perovskite CsPbBr3 quantum dots through electron bridge to across interfaces between polar and non-polar solvents
Nan Hao , Yu Qiu , Jinwen Lu , Xu Han , Yaqi Li , Jing Qian , Kun Wang
2021, 32(9): 2861-2864  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.01.029
[Abstract](23) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2212KB](0)
All-inorganic perovskite quantum dots (QDs) have attracted great interests due to its outstanding properties. But their poor stability in polar solvents seriously hampered wide applications in analytical chemistry. In this work, strong, stable and flexibly regulated the electrochemiluminescence (ECL) emission form CsPbBr3 QDs was successfully obtained and applied in the analysis of polar solvents through the unique structure of closed bipolar electrode (BPE). To demonstrate the feasibility, it was successfully used in the detection of tetracycline (Tc) aqueous solution. CsPbBr3 QDs was immersed into organic solution in anode microcell of closed BPE while Tc aqueous solution was added into cathode microcell. The two microcells were physically separated and would not interfere with each other. But the bio-recognition event between aptamer and Tc in cathode microcell would induce the ECL signal change in anode microcell through the electrons conducted by BPE as the bridge. The ECL emission can be flexibly regulated by environmental factors of both polar and non-polar solvents and the interface status of the BPE. Compared with traditional methods to overcome the intrinsic instability in polar medium, the reported method does not need any further surface modifications, has no limitations on the targets and can provide wide development space for further deep research, which may open a new direction for the ECL sensing of CsPbBr3 QDs.
An intriguing electrochemical impedance aptasensor based on a porous organic framework supported silver nanoparticles for ultrasensitively detecting theophylline
Zhang-Ye Han , Hong-Kai Li , Qian-Qian Zhu , Rongrong Yuan , Hongming He
2021, 32(9): 2865-2868  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.013
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 5114KB](0)
Porous organic frameworks (POFs) are excellently stable porous materials, which can be employed as host platforms to support metal nanoparticles as functional composites for various applications. Herein, a novel POF is successfully prepared via Friedel-Crafts reaction. Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are embedded in the prepared POF to generate an Ag@POF composite, which not only possesses high surface area, outstanding physicochemical stability and outstretched π-conjugation skeleton, but also exhibits preferable electrochemical stability and conductivity. This composite is able to immobilize a mass of aptamer strands to fabricate an intriguing electrochemical aptasensor. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a commonly used technology to analyze the electrochemical signal variation. The Ag@POF-based biosensor shows the excellent electrochemical detection behavior through analyzing EIS. For instance theophylline as a research mode, the Ag@POF based electrochemical aptasensor reveals ultra-sensitiveness, high selectivity, remarkable stability, good repeatability and simple operability even in various real samples. Notably, this aptasensor has the sensitive detection performance with the limit of detection of 0.191 pg/mL (1.06 pmol/L) in a wide concentration range of 5.0 × 10-4 – 5.0 ng/mL (2.78 × 10-3 – 27.8 nmol/L).
Dual emission of singlet and triplet states boost the sensitivity of pressure-sensing
Xingyu Cui , Xia Xing , Xinrui Wang , Wenying Shi , Chao Lu
2021, 32(9): 2869-2872  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2020.12.035
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 7975KB](0)
Pressure-related sensing materials in mechanochromic luminescent materials have received wide attention. However, at present, most piezochromic luminescence (PCL) materials have problems such as aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ) effect due to the presence of powder form, complicated preparation methods and fluorescence quenching effect under high pressure. To solve these problems, we employ three components containing carbon dots (CDs), layered double hydroxides (LDHs) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to construct the CDs-LDHs/PVA film. The LDHs can provide a rigid environment for CDs and improve the luminescent efficiency of CDs. The film shows high sensitivity, stability and reversibility. Moreover, the compressed film can recover to its original state by heating. Therefore, the PCL film with dual emission (fluorescence and phosphorescence) characteristic is constructed, which boosts the sensitivity of pressure-sensing.
A special o-dialdehyde fluorescent probe simultaneously sensing Hcy, GSH and its application in living cells and zebrafish imaging
Yongbin Zhang , Yu Zhang , Yongkang Yue , Jianbin Chao , Fangjun Huo , Caixia Yin
2021, 32(9): 2873-2876  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.05.016
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3893KB](2)
Combined nanosuspensions from two natural active ingredients for cancer therapy with reduced side effects
Yonghui Qiao , Zhihao Wei , Tingting Qin , Rufeng Song , Zhiqiang Yu , Qi Yuan , Juan Du , Qingbing Zeng , Lanlan Zong , Shaofeng Duan , Xiaohui Pu
2021, 32(9): 2877-2881  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.049
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 4270KB](0)
Tumor drug resistance and systemic side effects of chemotherapeutic drugs are the main reasons for the failure of cancer treatment. In recent years, it was found that some natural active ingredients can reverse MDR and regulate body immunity to enhance the efficacy and reduce toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs. In this paper, a new nanosuspensions, HCPT and QUR hybrid nanosuspensions (HQ-NPs), was prepared by the microprecipitation-high pressure homogenization method to reverse tumor drug resistance, reduce toxicity, and increase therapeutic efficacy. The in vitro investigation results showed that HQ-NPs had a unique shape (particle size was about 216.3±5.9 nm), changed crystalline, and different dissolution rates compared with HCPT-NPs and QUR-NPs, which is attributed to the strong intermolecular forces between HCPT and QUR as indicated by the results of the molecule dock. It was verified that the HQ-NPs could double the retention of HCPT in cells and enhance the cytotoxicity to A549/PTX cells in vitro tests compared with HCPT-NPs. We also found that HQ-NPs can significantly enhance the accumulation of HCPT in tumor sites, improve the antitumor activity of HCPT, and protect the immune organs and other normal tissues (P < 0.01), compared with HCPT-NPs. Therefore, hybrid nanosuspensions can offer promising potential as the drug delivery system for HCPT and QUR to increase the therapeutic efficacy and reduce the toxicity of HCPT.
Channel regulation of TFC membrane with hydrophobic carbon dots in forward osmosis
Zongju Zhang , Jiugang Hu , Shijun Liu , Xin Hao , Lin Li , Guoqiang Zou , Hongshuai Hou , Xiaobo Ji
2021, 32(9): 2882-2886  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.028
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 1757KB](0)
Zero-dimensional carbon dots have emerged as important nanofillers for the separation membrane due to their small specific size and rich surface functional groups. This study proposed a strategy based on hydrophobic carbon dots (HCDs) to regulate water channels for an efficient forward osmosis (FO) membrane. Thin-film composite (TFC) membranes with superior FO performance are fabricated by introducing HCDs as the nanofiller in the polyacrylonitrile support layer. The introduction of HCDs promotes the formation of the support layer with coherent finger-like hierarchical channels and micro-convex structure and an integrated polyamide active layer. Compared to the original membrane, TFC-FO membrane with 10 wt% HCDs exhibits high water flux (15.47 L m−2h−1) and low reverse salt flux (2.9 g m−2h−1) using 1 mol/L NaCl as the draw solution. This improved FO performance is attributed to the lower structural parameters of HCDs-induced water channels and alleviated internal concentration polarization. Thus, this paper provides a feasible strategy to design the membrane structure and boost FO performance.
Tunable light emission from carbon dots by controlling surface defects
Huijun Li , Sancan Han , Bowen Lyu , Ting Hong , Shibo Zhi , Ling Xu , Fengfeng Xue , Liman Sai , Junhe Yang , Xianying Wang , Bin He
2021, 32(9): 2887-2892  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.051
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 7579KB](1)
Carbon dots (CDs) are metal-free fluorescent materials that can be used in optical and electronic devices, but few studies have focused on one-step synthesis routes for CDs with tunable color and high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY). Herein, CDs with tunable light emission were synthesized using a novel amide-assisted solvothermal approach. The as-prepared CDs were well dispersed and homogeneous, with average diameters of approximately 2.0–4.0 nm, depending on the dopants. Owing to the surface states with different ratios of nitrogen- and oxygen-related species, different CDs can exhibit blue, green, red, or white emission with relatively high PLQYs of 61.6%, 41.3%, 29.1% and 19.7%, respectively. XPS measurements, in conjunction with DFT calculations, indicate that nitrogen substitution (pyridinic/pyrrolic nitrogen) dominates the blue emission, while introducing oxygen functional groups lowered the LUMO energy level, which resulted in redder emission. In addition, the CDs are demonstrated as a bioimaging probe in bothin vitro and in vivo assays, and the white light CDs have been demonstrated to be potential fluorescent materials for white-light-emitting diode (WLED).
Synthesis, insecticidal activities, and SAR studies of novel piperazine-containing heterocyclic mono-/di-/tri-amide derivatives
Huan Li , Hang Liu , Yan Zhang , Na Yang , Lixia Xiong , Zhengming Li , Baolei Wang
2021, 32(9): 2893-2898  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.002
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2554KB](0)
Diamide compounds such as chlorantraniliprole, a famous anthranilic diamide insecticide targeting the insect ryanodine receptor (RyR), have received continuous attention in pesticide research during the past 15 years owing to their excellent insecticidal potentials. With the aim of discovering new heterocyclic pesticides used for crop protection, based on the structural information of compound M from the reported pharmacophore-based virtual screening for RyR insecticides and diamide compound, a series of new heterocyclic mono-, di-, and tri-amide derivatives containing piperazine moiety have been synthesized in this paper. The new compounds were identified and confirmed by melting point, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HRMS. Compound M was firstly validated for insecticidal activities, and the new synthesized compounds were all made comprehensive insecticidal evaluations against diamondback moth and oriental armyworm. The bioassay results showed that some of the compounds exhibit favorable insecticidal potentials, particularly some novel piperazine-containing heterocyclic mono-/di-/tri-amide derivatives such as 8g, 14a, 15a, 15g, 15i, 15j, 15k, 15l, and 15m could be used as new insecticidal leading structures for further study (e.g., towards diamondback moth, 15i-15m LC50: 0.0022−0.0081 mg/L). The structure-activity relationships of the compounds discussed in detail provide useful guidance for further design and development of new insecticides.
Surface-tuned two-dimension MXene scaffold for highly reversible zinc metal anode
Xiaoyu Liu , Yongzheng Fang , Pengcheng Liang , Jiahao Xu , Bo Xing , Kai Zhu , Yuyu Liu , Jiujun Zhang , Jin Yi
2021, 32(9): 2899-2903  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.055
[Abstract](20) [FullText HTML] [PDF 4072KB](0)
Zinc metal has aroused increasing interest as anode material of Zn-based batteries for their energy storage application. However, the uneven Zn stripping/plating processes induce severe dendrite growth, leading to low Coulombic efficiency and safety hazards. Herein, a surface-tuned two-dimensional (2D) MXene Ti3C2T scaffold as a robust skeleton is developed to facilitate the uniform Zn stripping/plating. The Ti3C2T with high electrical conductivity and unique structure provides fast ionic-transport paths, promising even Zn2+ stripping/plating processes. With suppressed Zn dendrite growth and uniform nucleation, the proposed 2D Ti3C2T scaffold for Zn metal anode delivers a low voltage hysteresis of 63 mV and long lifespan over 280 h. This surface-tuned engineering strategy demonstrates the potential application of Zn anode with MXene skeleton for next-generation Zn-based batteries.
Enhancing the performances of all-small-molecule ternary organic solar cells via achieving optimized morphology and 3D charge pathways
Yanhong Chang , Jing Li , Yilin Chang , Yixiao Zhang , Jianqi Zhang , Kun Lu , Xiangnan Sun , Zhixiang Wei
2021, 32(9): 2904-2908  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.03.067
[Abstract](22) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3661KB](0)
With the emergence of non-fullerene acceptors (NFAs), the power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of all-small-molecule organic solar cells (ASM-OSCs) have been significantly improved. However, due to the strong crystallinities of small molecules, it is much more challenging to obtain the ideal phase separation morphology and efficient charge transport pathways for ASM-OSCs. Here, a high-efficiency ternary ASM-OSC has been successfully constructed based on H11/IDIC-4F system by introduction of IDIC with a similar backbone as IDIC-4F but weak crystallinity. Notably, the addition of IDIC has effectively suppressed large-scale phase aggregation and optimized the morphology of the blend film. More importantly, the molecular orientation has also been significantly adjusted, and a mixed face-on and edge-on orientation has formed, thus establishing a more favorable three-dimensional (3D) charge pathways in the active layer. With these improvements, the enhanced short-circuit current density (JSC) and fill factor (FF) of the ternary system have been achieved. In addition, because of the high lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level of IDIC as well as the alloyed structure of the IDIC and IDIC-4F, the promoted open circuit voltage (VOC) of the ternary system has also been realized.
Solvent regulation strategy of Co-MOF-74 microflower for supercapacitors
Changli Wang , Xinran Li , Wenping Yang , Yuxia Xu , Huan Pang
2021, 32(9): 2909-2913  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.04.017
[Abstract](21) [FullText HTML] [PDF 3794KB](0)
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with porous crystal structures have attracted extensive attention in application of energy storage and conversion, owing to their regularity, porosity, large specific surface area, etc. In this work, Co-MOF-74 microflower has been successfully prepared via a controllable solvent regulation strategy. Through modulating the polarity of the solvent, crystals grow in certain preferred orientation and Co-MOF-74 with various morphologies were obtained. Thereinto, the energy storage performance of Co-MOF-74 microflower was measured in both three-electrode system and asymmetric supercapacitor device (specific capacitance of 164.2 F/g at 0.5 A/g in the three-electrode system and 62.5 F/g at 1 A/g in the asymmetric supercapacitor device). This can be attributed to the preferred crystal orientation resulting in a regular and uniform microflower, which is of great significance to electronic interfacial exchange and ion transfer during electrochemical reactions.
Highly elastic cobweb-like SiO/CNF composites with reconstructed heterostructure for high-efficient lithium storage
Jie Liu , Miao Ben , Andeng Liu , Jianwen Liu , Shiquan Wang , Jiujun Zhang
2021, 32(9): 2914-2918  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.051
[Abstract](21) [FullText HTML] [PDF 4613KB](0)
The silicon-based materials are promising candidates for lithium-ion batteries owing to their high energy density. However, achieving long lifespan under realistic conditions remains a challenge because of the volume expansion and low conductivity. In this work, the highly elastic cobweb-like composite materials consisted by SiO and nanofibers are designed and fabricated for high-efficient lithium storage by ball-milling & ; electrostatic spinning method. The reconstructed heterostructure and highly elastic nanofibers can simultaneously increase the conductivity and inhibit the "expansion effect" of silicon-based materials. The constructed electrode of n-SiO/CNF delivers an initial capacity of 1700 mAh/g, and maintains the capacities over 1000 mAh/g after 100 cycles at the current density of 500 mA/g. Meanwhile, this electrode can give an initial coulombic efficiency over 85% and maintains at 98% in the following charge/discharge processes. Furthermore, it exhibits efficient long-term electrochemical performance, maintaining the capacity at about 1000 mAh/g at a high current density of 1000 mA/g after 1000 cycles. This work could provide a promising strategy for enhancing the performance of silicon-based composite materials for practical application in lithium-ion batteries.
Hierarchically porous nitrogen-doped carbon foams decorated with zinc nanodots as high-performance sulfur hosts for lithium-sulfur battery
Zhibo Liu , Li Wang , Wantai Yang
2021, 32(9): 2919-2922  doi: 10.1016/j.cclet.2021.02.027
[Abstract](24) [FullText HTML] [PDF 2940KB](0)
To prevent polysulfides from dissolution into electrolyte, we propose a novel and simple approach to nitrogen-doped carbon foams which contain hierarchically porous structure and are decorated with zinc nanodots through one-pot carbonization and activation process. These carbon foams, which serve as hosts for sulfur in lithium battery, can provide a conducting network and shorter diffusion length for Li-ions. Specially, the zinc nanodots derived from the carbothermal reaction of ZnCl2 at high temperature can interact with sulfur/polysulfides by strong chemisorption. In addition, the zinc nanodots can also facilitate the conversion reaction between Li2Sx (2 < x < 8) and Li2S/Li2S2. Therefore, Zn@NCFs/S cathode presents high sulfur utility and large capacity.
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