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综述
蚕丝基智能纤维及织物:潜力、现状与未来展望
张勇, 陆浩杰, 梁晓平, 张明超, 梁华润, 张莹莹
2022, 38(9): 2103034-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202103034
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摘要:
纤维及织物因具有良好的柔性、透气性以及适宜的力学性能而成为人们日常生活必不可少的材料。随着柔性电子器件的快速发展,纤维及织物在其自身优势的基础上,开始被人们赋予智能化特征,使得智能纤维和织物逐渐在可穿戴领域占据一席之地。天然蚕丝具有产量大、机械性能优异和生物可降解的优势。近年来,面向智能应用的蚕丝基纤维与织物逐渐发展,被用于传感、致动、光学器件、能量收集和储能等领域。本文将首先介绍天然蚕丝的层级结构和性能,并介绍各种形貌结构的再生蚕丝材料;然后根据其在智能纤维及织物中应用领域的不同,详细阐述蚕丝基智能纤维及织物的制备方法、性能及工作机制;最后讨论进一步发展所面临的挑战与机会,并对未来前景进行展望。
湿法纺制石墨烯纤维:工艺、结构、性能与智能应用
夏洲, 邵元龙
2022, 38(9): 2103046-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202103046
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摘要:
石墨烯纤维是由石墨烯片层通过组装过程形成的宏观一维材料。其具有较好的耐热性、导热性、导电性以及轻质高强等优点,是实现高品质、功能化纤维的重要突破口。石墨烯纤维在超轻导线、可穿戴储能、传感、生物电极等领域具有广阔应用前景。目前,湿法纺制技术是石墨烯纤维的最主要制备手段,与现有的化学纤维制备过程兼容,是最有望实现规模化制备高品质石墨烯纤维的技术。本文首先介绍了湿法纺制石墨烯纤维工艺中的关键步骤,重点讨论了制备技术与石墨烯纤维结构之间的关系。论述了提升纤维性能的相关策略,总结了石墨烯纤维在功能/智能纤维领域应用。并对提升石墨烯纤维性能的关键问题进行总结阐述,展望了石墨烯纤维的发展前景。
碳纳米管纤维的连续制备及高性能化
吴昆杰, 张永毅, 勇振中, 李清文
2022, 38(9): 2106034-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202106034
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摘要:
碳纳米管纤维是一种碳纳米管的宏观聚集体,是由碳纳米管及管束组装而成的连续纱线,具有高强、高韧、高导电等特性,在结构功能一体化复合材料、纤维状能源器件、人工肌肉以及轻质导电线缆等领域具有非常广泛的应用前景。经过近二十年的发展,碳纳米管纤维材料在连续制备技术、高性能化以及应用探索等方面相继取得了突破性的研究进展。本文总结了碳纳米管纤维材料的发展历程,对比介绍了碳纳米管纤维的不同连续制备与组装技术,重点讨论了碳纳米管纤维结构与性能之间的关联规律,并对目前碳纳米管纤维的高性能化方法进行了综述。在此基础上,对碳纳米管纤维材料的发展思路以及未来的应用方向进行了展望。
烯碳材料在人工肌肉领域的应用进展
温烨烨, 任明, 邸江涛, 张锦
2022, 38(9): 2107006-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202107006
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摘要:
随着仿生机器人、智能控制及人工智能等领域的发展,传统的机械驱动方式已无法满足相关领域对致动系统提出的柔性、高效及多源刺激响应性等要求,因此需发展新型的人工肌肉材料。以碳纳米管和石墨烯为代表的烯碳材料具有轻质、高强、高电导率和柔性等特征,在人工肌肉领域展现出了巨大的应用潜力。以烯碳材料为基元构筑宏观组装体材料,或以烯碳材料为添加相制备纳米复合材料,可在微观和宏观架起桥梁,实现烯碳材料在人工肌肉领域的应用。本文基于上述两种应用形式,综述了烯碳材料在人工肌肉领域的应用进展。首先从一维纤维和二维薄膜的烯碳人工肌肉宏观表现形态出发,介绍了既作为结构材料,又提供了响应、驱动功能的烯碳材料在人工肌肉中的应用。接着从机电性能、可编程的响应形变以及传感功能三个方向,介绍了烯碳材料作为增强赋能相在人工肌肉材料中的功能性应用。最后阐述了基于烯碳材料人工肌肉的机遇与挑战。
烯碳材料改性有机高性能纤维:制备、性能及应用
周航, 焦琨
2022, 38(9): 2111041-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202111041
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摘要:
有机高性能纤维是全球化纤工业的重要发展方向之一。提升现有纤维力学性能的同时研发新型结构功能一体化的纤维对提升我国在航天航空等领域的国际地位具有重要意义。以石墨烯和碳纳米管为代表的烯碳材料具备优异的力、电、热学等性能,可用于改性传统有机高性能纤维。通过制备不同物化性质的烯碳材料并设计合理的改性方式,可将烯碳材料优异的性能传递到传统纤维中,形成具备更高力、电、热学等性能的烯碳材料改性有机高性能纤维。本文首先综述了烯碳材料改性有机高性能纤维的制备方式,包括烯碳材料的分散与功能化、烯碳材料对有机高性能纤维的改性方法,阐述了烯碳材料改性有机高性能纤维的力、电、热学等性能以及烯碳材料的增强机理,进而总结了烯碳材料改性有机高性能纤维的应用,并对其现存的挑战和未来的发展做出展望。
烯碳纤维基能源器件的研究进展
贺文娅, 程虎虎, 曲良体
2022, 38(9): 2203004-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202203004
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摘要:
纤维状能源器件的研究极大地推动了可穿戴电子设备的快速发展。烯碳纤维主要包括碳纳米管纤维和石墨烯纤维,其微观组成单元具有独特的碳碳共轭分子形态,宏观结构具有高度可调控性,表现出高的比强度、优良的导电性和导热性、以及良好的机械柔韧性等,被广泛应用于先进能源器件的研究和开发,有效促进了柔性可穿戴电子器件的发展。本文综述了烯碳纤维基能源器件包括能量转换和储能器件等的研究和应用进展,具体介绍了烯碳纤维基太阳能电池、湿气发电机、热电发电机、超级电容器以及电化学电池等的最新成果,重点讨论了烯碳纤维基能源器件的制备方法和可穿戴应用,分析了烯碳纤维基储能及能量转换器件面临的问题和挑战,期望能够为未来高性能纤维基可穿戴能源器件的发展提供有价值的研究思路。
石墨烯基纤维储能器件的研究进展与展望
刘汉卿, 周锋, 师晓宇, 史全, 吴忠帅
2022, 38(9): 2204017-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202204017
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随着小型化、可穿戴等特征的智能电子以及物联网传感设备的发展,新型纤维状柔性化、小型化电化学储能器件已成为重要的研究方向。同时,对纤维材料和柔性储能器件的性能提出了更高的要求,如可任意弯折、可拉伸、可折叠、高储能密度等。石墨烯纤维具有独特的结构、优异的导电性、良好机械性能和电化学性质,已证明了是一种极具前景、高性能的新型纤维状柔性储能材料。目前,研究者已开发了多种石墨烯基纤维微观结构的调控策略来进一步改进其性能。本文首先系统总结了石墨烯基纤维的制备方法和其性能提升的策略,然后详细讨论其在柔性化纤维状超级电容器、金属离子电池、热电发电机、太阳能电池和相变材料等储能领域中的最新应用进展。最后,对石墨烯基纤维在能源存储和转换领域中存在的挑战和机会进行了展望。
基于MXenes的功能纤维的制备及其在智能可穿戴领域的应用
曹晓辉, 侯成义, 李耀刚, 李克睿, 张青红, 王宏志
2022, 38(9): 2204058-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202204058
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摘要:
在电子信息和物联网技术的推动下,人类对可穿戴电子器件和智能织物的需求愈发突出,功能纤维作为智能可穿戴设备的重要载体,近年来获得快速发展。功能纤维的性能很大程度上取决于纤维的基础构筑单元。过渡金属碳/氮化物(MXenes)作为一种新兴的二维材料,凭借其高电导率、优异的可加工性能、可调节的表面特性以及出色的机械强度等优点,受到了极大的关注,也逐渐成为构筑功能纤维的重要单元。本文将主要综述MXenes的湿化学、熔融盐、无氟试剂刻蚀等方法和力学、电学、光学和化学稳定性等性能,阐述基于该材料制备的功能纤维在传感、储能以及其他智能领域的应用,最后讨论了基于MXenes材料的功能纤维的未来应用前景和技术挑战。
论文
石墨烯诱导水凝胶成核的高强韧人造蛛丝
何文倩, 邸亚, 姜南, 刘遵峰, 陈永胜
2022, 38(9): 2204059-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202204059
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天然蜘蛛丝是由β-sheet交联的蛛丝蛋白溶剂流入S-型导管后经牵引拉伸形成,它显示了高强度与高韧性的完美结合。其优异的力学性质主要源于它的多级结构:交联、线性排列的纳米组装体以及核壳结构。受此启发,我们合成了一种交联的水凝胶,通过牵引拉丝的方法,制备了交联的、含有取向排列的纳米组装体结构以及核壳结构的凝胶纤维,并通过少量引入二维纳米材料—氧化石墨烯(0.01%),进一步调控纳米组装体的取向和尺寸,实现了蜘蛛丝般优异的力学性能(断裂强度560 MPa,断裂韧性200 MJ·m−3,缓冲能94%)。这种纤维可以用于高速下落物体的能量耗散和降低冲击力。

  

Article
Construction of 1D/2D W18O49/Porous g-C3N4 S-Scheme Heterojunction with Enhanced Photocatalytic H2 Evolution
Yue Huang, Feifei Mei, Jinfeng Zhang, Kai Dai, Graham Dawson
2022, 38(7): 2108028-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202108028
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Photocatalytic hydrogen production is an effective strategy for addressing energy shortage and converting solar energy into chemical energy. Exploring effective strategies to improve photocatalytic H2 production is a key challenge in the field of energy conversion. There are numerous oxygen vacancies on the surface of non-stoichiometric W18O49 (WO), which result in suitable light absorption performance, but the hydrogen evolution effect is not ideal because the band potential does not reach the hydrogen evolution potential. A suitable heterojunction is constructed to optimize defects such as high carrier recombination rate and low photocatalytic performance in a semiconductor. Herein, 2D porous carbon nitride (PCN) is synthesized, followed by the in situ growth of 1D WO on the PCN to realize a step-scheme (S-scheme) heterojunction. When WO and PCN are composited, the difference between the Fermi levels of WO and PCN leads to electron migration, which balances the Fermi levels of WO and PCN. Electron transfer leads to the formation of an interfacial electric field and bends the energy bands of WO and PCN, thereby resulting in the recombination of unused electrons and holes while leaving used electrons and holes, which can accelerate the separation and charge transfer at the interface and endow the WO/PCN system with better redox capabilities. In addition, PCN with a porous structure provides more catalytic active sites. The photocatalytic performance of the sample can be investigated using the amount of hydrogen released. Compared to WO and PCN, 20%WO/PCN composite has a higher H2 production rate (1700 μmol·g-1·h-1), which is 56 times greater than that of PCN (30 μmol·g-1·h-1). This study shows the possibility of the application of S-scheme heterojunction in the field of photocatalytic H2 production.
Rationally Designed Mn0.2Cd0.8S@CoAl LDH S-Scheme Heterojunction for Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production
Shanchi Liu, Kai Wang, Mengxue Yang, Zhiliang Jin
2022, 38(7): 2109023-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202109023
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Constructing an efficient and stable heterojunction photocatalyst system is a promising approach to achieve solar-driven water splitting to produce hydrogen. In this work, a novel Mn0.2Cd0.8S@CoAl LDH (MCCA) S-scheme heterojunction was successfully prepared through the efficient coupling of Mn0.2Cd0.8S nanorods and CoAl LDH nanosheets, employing a physical mixing method. The photoluminescence and photocurrent-time response results demonstrated that the internal electric field of the constructed MCCA S-scheme heterojunction could successfully accelerate charge separation and electron transfer between the Mn0.2Cd0.8S interface and the CoAl LDH. Critically, the introduction of the CoAl LDH effectively inhibited the recombination of photogenerated electrons and holes, thereby improving the photocatalytic hydrogen production activity of Mn0.2Cd0.8S. A maximum H2 production of 1177.9 μmol in 5 h was obtained with MCCA-3. This represents a significant improvement compared to what can be achieved with the pure Mn0.2Cd0.8S nanorods and CoAl LDH nanosheets individually. This work provides a simple and effective approach for the rational design of S-scheme heterojunction photocatalysts for photocatalytic hydrogen production.
P-Doped g-C3N4 Nanosheets with Highly Dispersed Co0.2Ni1.6Fe0.2P Cocatalyst for Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution
Rongchen Shen, Lei Hao, Qing Chen, Qiaoqing Zheng, Peng Zhang, Xin Li
2022, 38(7): 2110014-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202110014
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Throughout the twentieth century, temperatures climbed rapidly as the use of fossil fuels proliferated and greenhouse gas levels soared. Thus, the need to develop environmentally friendly energy sources to replace traditional fossil fuels is urgent. Clean and highly efficient, hydrogen is considered the most promising energy source to replace traditional fossil fuels. The production of hydrogen by photocatalytic water splitting is environmentally friendly, and is considered the most promising method for producing hydrogen energy. Enhancing the separation efficiency of photogenerated electron-hole pairs has been identified as a key milestone for constructing high-efficiency photocatalysts. However, the construction of efficient and stable hydrogen-evolution photocatalysts with highly dispersed cocatalysts remains a challenge. Here, we succeeded, for the first time, in fabricating P-doped CNS (PCNS) with a highly dispersed non-noble trimetallic transition metal phosphide Co0.2Ni1.6Fe0.2P cocatalyst (PCNS-CoNiFeP), by a one-step in situ high-temperature phosphating method. Remarkably, the CoNiFeP in PCNS-CoNiFeP demonstrated no aggregation and high dispersibility compared with CoNiFeP prepared by the traditional hydroxide-precursor phosphating method (PCNS-CoNiFeP-OH). X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, element mapping images, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy results demonstrate that PCNS-CoNiFeP was successfully synthesized. The UV-Vis absorption results indicate a slight increase in absorbance for PCNS-CoNiFeP in the 200–800 nm wavelength region compared with that of PCNS. Photoluminescence spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, and photocurrent results demonstrated that CoNiFeP cocatalysts could effectively promote the separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs and accelerate the migration of carriers. The linear sweep voltammetry results also demonstrate that the CoNiFeP cocatalyst loading could significantly decrease the overpotential of CNS. Therefore, the maximum hydrogen evolution rate of PCNS-CoNiFeP was 1200 μmol·h-1·g-1, which was approximately four times higher than that of pure CNS-Pt (320 μmol·h-1·g-1) when using TEOA solution as a sacrificial agent. The apparent quantum efficiency of PCNS-CoNiFeP was 1.4% at 420 nm. The PCNS-CoNiFeP also exhibited good stability during the photocatalytic reaction. In addition, the TEM results indicate that CoNiFeP with a size of 6–8 nm are highly dispersed on the PCNS surface. The highly dispersed CoNiFeP demonstrated better charge-separation capacity and higher intrinsic electrocatalytic hydrogen-evolution activity than the aggregated CoNiFeP. Thus, the hydrogen evolution rate of aggregated CoNiFeP-PCNs (300 μmol·h-1·g-1) was much lower than that of PCNS-CoNiFeP. Furthermore, P doping of CNS could improve electric conductivity and charge transport. It is expected that loading highly dispersed CoNiFeP and P doping could be extended to promote photocatalytic hydrogen production using various photocatalysts.
Enhancement of Photocatalytic H2-Evolution Kinetics through the Dual Cocatalyst Activity of Ni2P-NiS-Decorated g-C3N4 Heterojunctions
Zhuonan Lei, Xinyi Ma, Xiaoyun Hu, Jun Fan, Enzhou Liu
2022, 38(7): 2110049-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202110049
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摘要:
With rapid industrialization, issues pertaining to the environment and energy have become an alarming concern. Photocatalytic water splitting is considered one of the most promising green technologies capable of resolving these issues, as it can convert solar energy into chemical energy and have a positive impact on the realization of "carbon neutrality". Current research focuses on the development of highly efficient catalysts to improve the photocatalytic H2-production activity. Transition metal phosphides and sulfides are often used as photocatalysts owing to their low H2-evolution overpotential and excellent electrical conductivity. Among them, Ni2P and NiS have generally been used independently during photocatalytic H2 production; however, it is necessary to study the synergistic effect when they are combined as a dual cocatalyst. In this work, we successfully prepared a Ni2P-NiS dual cocatalyst for the first time via a simple hydrothermal method using red phosphorus (RP) and thioacetamide (C2H5NS) as the sources of P and S. Ni2P-NiS was then introduced to the surface of g-C3N4 nanosheets through solvent evaporation to create a Ni2P-NiS/g-C3N4 heterojunction. Furthermore, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry (UV-Vis), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), photoluminescence (PL), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), Mott-Schottky (M-S), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were used to reveal the crystal structures, morphologies, element compositions, and photoelectric characteristics of the samples; thus, it was demonstrated that Ni2P-NiS was successfully deposited on the surface of g-C3N4 and that together they exhibited better activity than their monomers. Moreover, the optimized 15% Ni2P-NiS/g-C3N4 composite exhibits a H2 generation rate of 6892.7 μmol·g-1·h-1, which is about 46.1, 7.5 and 4.4 times higher than that of g-C3N4 (150 μmol·g-1·h-1), 15% NiS/g-C3N4 (914.5 μmol·g-1·h-1), and 15% Ni2P/g-C3N4 (1565.9 μmol·g-1·h-1), respectively. In addition, photoelectric performance tests show that Ni2P-NiS/g-C3N4 has a stronger photocurrent intensity, smaller charge-transfer resistance, more positive H2-evolution overpotential, and better charge-separation ability than the individual components (i.e., Ni2P and NiS), suggesting that the coexistence of Ni2P and NiS can further boost the activity of g-C3N4 during H2 evolution compared with their monomers. This is mainly due to the Schottky barrier effect between Ni2P-NiS nanoparticles and g-C3N4 nanosheets, which can greatly promote charge separation and charge transfer at their interface. Additionally, Ni2P-NiS can reduce the H2-evolution overpotential, leading to the increased surface kinetics of H2 evolution. This work offers a promising approach to obtaining a highly active and stable noble-metal-free dual cocatalyst for photocatalytic H2 production.
Enhanced Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction over 2D/1D BiOBr0.5Cl0.5/WO3 S-Scheme Heterostructure
Bichen Zhu, Xiaoyang Hong, Liyong Tang, Qinqin Liu, Hua Tang
2022, 38(7): 2111008-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202111008
[摘要]  (111) [HTML全文] (111) [PDF 2117KB] (111)
摘要:
Catalytic reduction of CO2 to CO has been considered promising for converting the greenhouse gas into chemical intermediates. Compared to other catalytic methods, photocatalytic CO2 reduction, which uses solar energy as the energy input, has attracted significant attention because it is a clean and inexhaustible resource. Therefore, using high-performance photocatalysts for effective CO2 reduction under mild reaction conditions is an active research hotspot. However, several current photocatalysts suffer from low solar energy conversion efficiency due to the extensive charge recombination and few active sites, leading to low CO2 reduction efficiency. Generally, constructing an S-scheme heterojunction can not only promote charge separation but also help maintain strong redox ability. Therefore, the S-scheme heterojunction is expected to help in achieving high conversion activity and CO2 reduction efficiency. Here, 2D tetragonal BiOBr0.5Cl0.5 nanosheets and hexagonal WO3 nanorods were prepared using a simple hydrothermal synthesis method, and the 2D/1D BiOBr0.5Cl0.5 nanosheets/WO3 nanorods (BiOBr0.5Cl0.5/WO3) S-scheme heterojunction with near infrared (NIR) light (> 780 nm) response were prepared via the electrostatic self-assembly method for the photocatalytic CO2 reduction. Following characterization and analysis, including diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), Mott-Schottky plots, transient photocurrent response, time-resolution photoluminescence spectrum (TRPL), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV), and electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements, it can be demonstrated that an S-scheme carrier transfer route was formed between the 2D BiOBr0.5Cl0.5 nanosheets and 1D WO3 nanorods. Driven by the internal electric field, which was formed between the two semiconductors, electron migration was boosted, thus inhibiting the recombination of photogenerated carriers, while the stronger redox ability was maintained, thus providing good reduction efficiency over BiOBr0.5Cl0.5/WO3 composite in CO2 reduction. In addition, the 2D/1D nanosheet/nanorod structure allowed for enhanced interface contact with abundant active sites, which favored charge separation and increased photocatalytic activity. Furthermore, the amount of WO3 nanorods added during the preparation of the composites was altered, which led to the optimal amount of 5% (w, mass fraction) for the photocatalytic CO2 reduction. As a result, the BiOBr0.5Cl0.5/WO3 composite exhibited superior photocatalytic reduction performance with a CO yield of 16.68 μmol·g-1·h-1 in the presence of any precious metal cocatalyst or sacrificial agent, which was 1.7 and 9.8 times that of pure BiOBr0.5Cl0.5 and WO3, respectively. In addition, the BiOBr0.5Cl0.5/WO3 composite provided continuously increased CO yields with excellent selectivity under full-spectrum light irradiation, suggesting good photocatalytic stability. This work describes a novel idea for the construction of 2D/1D S-scheme heterojunction photocatalysts for efficient CO2 reduction.
Hollow NiCo2S4 Nanospheres as a Cocatalyst to Support ZnIn2S4 Nanosheets for Visible-Light-Driven Hydrogen Production
Zhuang Xiong, Yidong Hou, Rusheng Yuan, Zhengxin Ding, Wee-Jun Ong, Sibo Wang
2022, 38(7): 2111021-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202111021
[摘要]  (134) [HTML全文] (134) [PDF 2138KB] (134)
摘要:
The rational interface tailoring of nanosheets on hollow spheres is a promising strategy to develop efficient photocatalysts for hydrogen production with solar energy. Among the various photocatalyst materials, metal sulfides have been extensively researched because of their relatively narrow band gap and superior visible-light response. ZnIn2S4 is a layered ternary chalcogenide semiconductor photocatalyst with a tunable band gap energy (approximately 2.4 eV). Among various metal sulfide photocatalysts, ZnIn2S4 has gained considerable attention. However, intrinsic ZnIn2S4 only exhibits a relatively moderate photocatalytic activity, which is mainly owing to the high recombination and low migration rate of photocarriers. Loading cocatalysts onto semiconductor photocatalysts is an effective way to improve the performance of photocatalysts, because it can not only facilitate the separation of electron-hole pairs, but also reduce the activation energy for proton reduction. As a ternary transition metal sulfide, NiCo2S4 features a high electrical conductivity, low electronegativity, excellent redox properties, and outstanding electrocatalytic activity. Such favorable characteristics suggest that NiCo2S4 can expedite charge separation and transfer, thereby promoting photocatalytic H2 production by serving as a cocatalyst. Moreover, both NiCo2S4 and ZnIn2S4 possess the ternary spinel crystal structure, which may facilitate the construction of NiCo2S4/ZnIn2S4 hybrids with tight interfacial contact for an enhanced photocatalytic performance. Herein, ultrathin ZnIn2S4 nanosheets were grown in situ on a non-noble-metal cocatalyst, namely NiCo2S4 hollow spheres, to form hierarchical NiCo2S4@ZnIn2S4 hollow heterostructured photocatalysts with an intimately coupled interface and strong visible light absorption extending to ca. 583 nm. The optimized NiCo2S4@ZnIn2S4 hybrid with a NiCo2S4 content of ca. 3.1% exhibited a high hydrogen evolution rate of 78 μmol·h-1, which was approximately 9 times higher than that of bare ZnIn2S4 and 3 times higher than that of 1% (w, mass fraction) Pt/ZnIn2S4. Additionally, the hybrid photocatalysts displayed good stability in the reaction. Photoluminescence and electrochemical analysis results indicated that NiCo2S4 hollow spheres served as an efficient cocatalyst for facilitating the separation and transport of light-induced charge carriers as well as reducing the hydrogen evolution reaction barrier. Finally, a possible reaction mechanism for the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution was proposed. In the NiCo2S4@ZnIn2S4 composite photocatalyst, the NiCo2S4 cocatalyst with high electrical conductivity favorably accepts the photoinduced electrons transferred from ZnIn2S4 and then employs the electrons to reduce protons for H2 production on the reactive sites. Concurrently, the photogenerated holes are trapped by TEOA that acts as a hole scavenger to accomplish the photoredox cycle. This study provides guidance for the fabrication of hierarchical hollow heterostructures based on nanosheet semiconductor subunits as remarkable photocatalysts for hydrogen production.
A 0D/2D Bi4V2O11/g-C3N4 S-Scheme Heterojunction with Rapid Interfacial Charges Migration for Photocatalytic Antibiotic Degradation
Liang Zhou, Yunfeng Li, Yongkang Zhang, Liewei Qiu, Yan Xing
2022, 38(7): 2112027-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202112027
[摘要]  (125) [HTML全文] (125) [PDF 2344KB] (125)
摘要:
With the rapid development of industrial technology, a large number of organic pollutants are routinely released into the environment, which has caused serious problems. Semiconductor photocatalysis is an environmentally-friendly and effective method to degrade and remove typical pollutants, and photocatalysts play a key role in the application of this technology. Therefore, various semiconductor materials have been tried and used in the field of pollutant removal. Graphite carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has attracted great interest because of its two-dimensional layered structure and good visible light response range. Owing to a narrow bandgap, adjustable band structure, and high physicochemical stability, g-C3N4 absorbs wavelengths up to 450 nm in the visible spectrum, leading to an opportunity for visible-light photocatalytic performance. Nevertheless, there are still some drawbacks that limit the photocatalytic efficiency of g-C3N4 in the removal of antibiotics and dyes under visible light, such as the rapid recombination of photoinduced charges and the weak oxidation capacity of holes. To advance this promising photocatalytic material, multiple methods have been tried to optimize the electronic band structure of g-C3N4, such as doping with various elements, morphology control, and functional group modification. Recently, a novel type of Step-scheme (S-scheme) heterojunction composed of two n-type semiconductor photocatalysts has been proposed, which can utilize a more positive valance band and a more negative conduction band. It was demonstrated that the formation of S-scheme heterojunctions is a valid way to increase photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4. Herein, novel 0D/2D Bi4V2O11/g-C3N4 S-scheme heterojunctions were prepared by a simple in situ solvothermal growth method. The Bi4V2O11/g-C3N4 composites displayed a high photocatalytic activity through the removal of oxytetracycline (OTC) and Reactive Red 2. In particular, the BVCN-50 composite showed the highest degradation efficiency for OTC of 74.1% and for Reactive Red 2 of 84.2% with ·O2- as the primary active species. This highly improved photocatalytic performance can be ascribed to the generation of S-scheme heterojunctions, which provides for a high redox capacity of the heterojunction system (strong oxidative ability of Bi4V2O11 and strong reductive capacity of g-C3N4) and facilitates the space separation of photo-generated charges. Moreover, the surface plasmon resonance effect of metallic Bi0 broadens the light utilization range of the heterojunction system. In addition, the possible degradation pathway and intermediates throughout the degradation process of OTC based on liquid chromatograph mass spectrometer (LC-MS) analysis were also studied. This work provides a novel tactic for the design and fabrication of g-C3N4-based S-scheme heterojunctions with enhanced photocatalytic performance.
Enhanced Photocatalytic H2O2 Production over Inverse Opal ZnO@Polydopamine S-Scheme Heterojunctions
Gaowei Han, Feiyan Xu, Bei Cheng, Youji Li, Jiaguo Yu, Liuyang Zhang
2022, 38(7): 2112037-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202112037
[摘要]  (133) [HTML全文] (133) [PDF 2559KB] (133)
摘要:
Photocatalytic H2O2 production is a sustainable and inexpensive process that requires water and gaseous O2 as raw materials and sunlight as the energy source. However, the slow kinetics of current photocatalysts limits its practical application. ZnO is commonly used as a photocatalytic material in the solar-to-chemical conversion, owing to its high electron mobility, nontoxicity, and relatively low cost. The adsorption capacity of H2O2 on the ZnO surface is low, which leads to the continuous production of H2O2. However, its photoresponse is limited to the ultraviolet (UV) region due to its wide bandgap (3.2 eV). Polydopamine (PDA) has emerged as an effective surface functionalization material in the field of photocatalysis due to its abundant functional groups. PDA can be strongly anchored onto the surface of a semiconducting photocatalyst through covalent and noncovalent bonds. The superior properties of PDA served as a motivation for this study. Herein, we prepare an inverse opal-structured porous PDA-modified ZnO (ZnO@PDA) photocatalyst by in situ self-polymerization of dopamine hydrochloride. The crystal structure, morphology, valency, stability, and energy band structure of photocatalysts are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-Vis DRS), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), Mott-Schottky curve (MS), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). The experimental results showed that electrons in PDA are transferred to ZnO upon contact, which results in an electric field at their interface in the direction from PDA to ZnO. The photoexcited electrons in the ZnO conduction bands flow into PDA, driven by the electric field and bent bands, and are recombined with the holes of the highest occupied molecular orbital of PDA, thereby exhibiting an S-scheme charge transfer. This unique S-scheme mechanism ensures effective electron/hole separation and preserves the strong redox ability of used photocarriers. In addition, the inverse opal structure of ZnO@PDA promotes light-harvesting due to the supposed "slow photon" effect, as well as Bragg diffraction and scattering. Moreover, the enhanced surface area provides a high adsorption capacity and increased active sites for photocatalytic reactions. Therefore, the resulting ZnO@PDA (0.03% (atomic fraction) PDA) exhibits the optimal H2O2 production performance (1011.4 μmol·L-1·h-1), which is 4.4 and 8.9 times higher than pristine ZnO and PDA, respectively. The enhanced performance is ascribed to the improved light absorption, efficient charge separation, and strong redox capability of photocarriers in the S-scheme heterojunction. Therefore, this study provides a novel strategy for the design of inorganic/organic S-scheme heterojunctions for efficient photocatalytic H2O2 production.
Efficient Degradation of Tetracycline via Coupling of Photocatalysis and Photo-Fenton Processes over a 2D/2D α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 S-Scheme Heterojunction Catalyst
Wenliang Wang, Haochun Zhang, Yigang Chen, Haifeng Shi
2022, 38(7): 2201008-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202201008
[摘要]  (141) [HTML全文] (141) [PDF 1625KB] (141)
摘要:
Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has been widely used as a potential photocatalytic material for the removal of tetracycline from water. However, the poor visible light absorption ability and high recombination rate of the photogenerated charge significantly inhibit the catalytic activity of g-C3N4. Therefore, facile methods to improve the photocatalytic efficiency of g-C3N4 need to be developed. Hematite (α-Fe2O3), which has a good visible light absorption and corrosion resistance, is often used for photocatalysis and photo-Fenton reactions. Therefore, a two-dimension/two-dimension (2D/2D) S-scheme heterojunction constructed of g-C3N4 and α-Fe2O3 nanosheets could be expected to improve the degradation efficiency of tetracycline. In this study, 2D/2D S-scheme α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 photo-Fenton catalysts were prepared using a hydrothermal strategy. The photo-Fenton catalytic activity of α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 (α-Fe2O3 50% (w)) was significantly improved by the addition of a small amount of H2O2, removing 78% of tetracycline within 20 min, which was approximately 3.5 and 5.8 times the removal achieved using α-Fe2O3 and g-C3N4, respectively. The high catalytic activity was attributed to the synergy between the photocatalysis and Fenton reaction promoted by the continuous Fe3+/Fe2+ conversion over the 2D/2D S-scheme heterojunction. The 2D/2D S-scheme heterojunction was crucial in the fabrication of the α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 photocatalyst with a large surface area, adequate active sites, and strong oxidation-reduction capability. Furthermore, the photo-Fenton reaction provided additional hydroxyl radicals for the degradation of tetracycline with the aid of H2O2. The excess reaction product (Fe3+) was reduced to Fe2+ by the photogenerated electrons from the conduction band of α-Fe2O3. The resulting Fe2+ could participate in the photo-Fenton reaction. The morphological structures of α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 were analyzed using transmission electron microscopy to demonstrate the formation of a 2D/2D structure with face-to-face contact, and the optical properties of the composites were measured using ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 possessed a significantly improved visible light absorption compared to g-C3N4. Five sequential cyclic degradation tests and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns obtained before and after the reaction showed that the α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 composites possessed stable photo-Fenton catalytic activity and crystal structures. Transient photocurrent responses of α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 demonstrated that the prepared composites exhibited a higher charge transfer efficiency compared to that of single α-Fe2O3 and g-C3N4. In addition, according to the photoluminescence analysis and active species trapping experiments, a possible S-scheme heterojunction charge transfer process in the photo-Fenton catalytic reaction was proposed. This study provided a promising method for the construction of a high-performance photo-Fenton catalytic system to remove antibiotics from wastewater.
Highlight
Insights into Mechanism of CsPbBr3 Nanocrystal Interfacial Modifier in Perovskite Solar Cells
S. Wageh, Ahmed A. Al-Ghamdi, Li Zhao
2022, 38(7): 2111009-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202111009
[摘要]  (133) [HTML全文] (133) [PDF 582KB] (133)
摘要:
Core-Shell Au@NiS1+x Cocatalyst for Excellent TiO2 Photocatalytic H2 Production
S. Wageh, Ahmed A. Al-Ghamdi, Quanlong Xu
2022, 38(7): 2202001-0  doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202202001
[摘要]  (133) [HTML全文] (133) [PDF 558KB] (133)
摘要:

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《物理化学学报》第4届编委会

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名誉主编

唐有祺

北京大学

顾问编委

包信和

中国科学院大连化学物理研究所

段雪

北京化工大学

付贤智

福州大学

侯建国

中国科学技术大学

黄维

南京工业大学

LIEBER Charles M.

Harvard University

田中群

厦门大学

万立骏

中国科学院化学研究所

吴云东

北京大学

谢晓亮

Harvard University, 北京大学

杨伟涛

 Duke University

姚建年

中国科学院化学研究所

赵新生

北京大学

主编

刘忠范

北京大学

副主编

韩布兴

中国科学院化学研究所

刘鸣华

国家纳米科学中心

申文杰

中国科学院大连化学物理研究所

吴凯

北京大学

杨金龙

中国科学技术大学

庄林

武汉大学

迟力峰

苏州大学

编委

曹勇

复旦大学

陈经广

University of Delaware

陈军

南开大学

崔屹

Stanford University

邓风

中国科学院武汉物理与数学研究所

邓友全

中国科学院兰州化学物理研究所

樊卫斌

中国科学院山西煤炭化学研究所

房喻

陕西师范大学

付红兵

中国科学院化学研究所

傅强

中国科学院大连化学物理研究所

高毅勤

北京大学

郭林

北京航空航天大学

郝京诚

山东大学

侯文华

南京大学

金荣超

Carnegie Mellon University

来鲁华

北京大学

李朝军

McGill University

李隽

清华大学

李象远

四川大学

梁万珍

厦门大学

刘海超

北京大学

刘洪来

华东理工大学

刘述斌

University of North Carolina

刘义

武汉大学

刘志敏

中国科学院化学研究所

罗小民

中国科学院上海药物研究所

马晶

南京大学

孟庆波

中国科学院物理研究所

邵翔

中国科学技术大学

孙俊奇

吉林大学

谭蔚泓

湖南大学

唐智勇

国家纳米科学中心

王键吉

河南师范大学

王鹏

中国科学院长春应用化学研究所

王心晨

福州大学

王永锋

北京大学

魏子栋

重庆大学

翁羽翔

中国科学院物理研究所

吴鹏

华东师范大学

夏永姚

复旦大学

许国勤

National University of Singapore

杨俊林

国家自然科学基金委员会

余家国

武汉理工大学

尉志武

清华大学

占肖卫

北京大学

张东辉

中国科学院大连化学物理研究所

张浩力

兰州大学

张锦

北京大学

章俊良

上海交通大学

周永贵

中国科学院大连化学物理研究所

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发布时间: 2018-05-02


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发布日期:2009-06-24 浏览: