{"目录":[{"abstractInfo":"","abstractInfoCn":"","abstractInfoEn":"","articleNo":"sp20200300","authorCnList":[],"authorEnList":[],"authorList":[],"authors":"","authorsCn":"","authorsEn":"","categoryName":"目录","categoryNameCn":"目录","categoryNameEn":"Contents","citation":". 第38卷第3期目次. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 0-0.","citationCn":". 第38卷第3期目次. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 0-0.","citationEn":". Volume 38, Number 3 Content. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 0-0.","doi":"","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"0","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":1,"htmlFile":"","id":"2dfccc36-1985-4935-b99e-3d440581feb0","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"3期目录","keywordCn":"3期目录","keywordCnList":["3期目录"],"keywordEn":"","keywordEnList":[],"keywordList":["3期目录"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"0","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":2,"pdfSize":4936.02,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"第38卷第3期目次","titleCn":"第38卷第3期目次","titleEn":"Volume 38, Number 3 Content","viewCount":1,"volume":"38","year":2020}],"专论与综述":[{"abstractInfo":"抗生素的滥用及残留对生物体和环境造成极大危害,其含量低、种类多、基质复杂,通常需要进行样品前处理结合色谱分析以实现灵敏测定。分子印迹聚合物(MIPs)能选择性识别、有效富集目标分析物并消除干扰,已广泛用于抗生素的样品前处理中。该文对MIPs制备中面临的挑战进行了总结;对2016年以来抗生素MIPs的固相萃取应用进行了综述和展望,主要包括固相萃取、分散固相萃取、磁固相萃取、基质固相分散萃取、固相微萃取、搅拌棒吸附萃取。此外,该文重点介绍了抗生素MIPs的印迹新策略,如多模板、多功能单体、虚拟模板、刺激响应、亲水性印迹等。最后,该文对抗生素MIPs的制备和前处理应用进行了展望。","abstractInfoCn":"抗生素的滥用及残留对生物体和环境造成极大危害,其含量低、种类多、基质复杂,通常需要进行样品前处理结合色谱分析以实现灵敏测定。分子印迹聚合物(MIPs)能选择性识别、有效富集目标分析物并消除干扰,已广泛用于抗生素的样品前处理中。该文对MIPs制备中面临的挑战进行了总结;对2016年以来抗生素MIPs的固相萃取应用进行了综述和展望,主要包括固相萃取、分散固相萃取、磁固相萃取、基质固相分散萃取、固相微萃取、搅拌棒吸附萃取。此外,该文重点介绍了抗生素MIPs的印迹新策略,如多模板、多功能单体、虚拟模板、刺激响应、亲水性印迹等。最后,该文对抗生素MIPs的制备和前处理应用进行了展望。","abstractInfoEn":"Abuse of antibiotics as well as antibiotic residues cause great harm to living beings and the environment. However, determination of antibiotics is quite difficult owing to the low residue level and multiple categories presence in the complicated matrices. Proper sample pretreatment is usually imperative for coupling with chromatographic analysis toward the sensitive determination of antibiotic residues. Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) possess the binding sites complementary to the target (template) molecules in shape, size, and type of functional groups. Hence, MIPs can selectively recognize and effectively enrich the target analytes as well as eliminate matrix interferences. For this reason, they have been widely applied in the sample pretreatment of antibiotics. In this review, several challenges encountered with the use of MIPs and the possible solutions are proposed. Besides, advances in the applications of MIPs for the sample pretreatment of antibiotics since 2016 are summarized, mainly including conventional solid phase extraction (SPE), dispersive solid phase extraction (DSPE), magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE), matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD), solid phase microextraction (SPME) and stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE). Some new imprinting strategies for the preparation of MIPs to be used in the field of antibiotics are highlighted, such as multi-template imprinting, multi-functional monomer imprinting, dummy imprinting, stimuli-responsive imprinting and hydrophilic imprinting. Finally, an outlook on the preparation and pretreatment application of MIPs for antibiotics is presented.","articleNo":"sp1907007","authorCnList":["王莉燕"," 王加男"," 李金花"," 陈令新"],"authorEnList":["WANG Liyan"," WANG Jia'nan"," LI Jinhua"," CHEN Lingxin"],"authorList":["王莉燕"," 王加男"," 李金花"," 陈令新"],"authors":"王莉燕, 王加男, 李金花, 陈令新","authorsCn":"王莉燕, 王加男, 李金花, 陈令新","authorsEn":"WANG Liyan, WANG Jia'nan, LI Jinhua, CHEN Lingxin","categoryName":"专论与综述","categoryNameCn":"专论与综述","categoryNameEn":"Reviews","citation":"王莉燕, 王加男, 李金花, 陈令新. 分子印迹聚合物在抗生素残留测定中的应用. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 265-277. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.07007.","citationCn":"王莉燕, 王加男, 李金花, 陈令新. 分子印迹聚合物在抗生素残留测定中的应用. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 265-277. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.07007.","citationEn":"王莉燕, 王加男, 李金花, 陈令新. Applications of molecularly imprinted polymers for determination of antibiotics residues. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 265-277. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.07007.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.07007","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"265","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":7,"htmlFile":"","id":"5259d40f-ac24-47b3-938d-43e4218ccb02","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"固相萃取, 样品前处理, 印迹策略, 分子印迹聚合物, 抗生素, 综述","keywordCn":"固相萃取, 样品前处理, 印迹策略, 分子印迹聚合物, 抗生素, 综述","keywordCnList":["固相萃取"," 样品前处理"," 印迹策略"," 分子印迹聚合物"," 抗生素"," 综述"],"keywordEn":"solid phase extraction (SPE), sample pretreatment, imprinting strategy, molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), antibiotics, review","keywordEnList":["solid phase extraction (SPE)"," sample pretreatment"," imprinting strategy"," molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs)"," antibiotics"," review"],"keywordList":["固相萃取"," 样品前处理"," 印迹策略"," 分子印迹聚合物"," 抗生素"," 综述"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"277","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":3,"pdfSize":3587.57,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"分子印迹聚合物在抗生素残留测定中的应用","titleCn":"分子印迹聚合物在抗生素残留测定中的应用","titleEn":"Applications of molecularly imprinted polymers for determination of antibiotics residues","viewCount":7,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"蛋白质磷酸化修饰在细胞的信号转导、代谢、发育等生命过程中发挥着重要作用。除了研究较为透彻的发生在丝氨酸、苏氨酸和酪氨酸侧链羟基的O<\/i>-磷酸化修饰之外,近年来,发生在组氨酸、精氨酸和赖氨酸侧链氨基的N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰受到了越来越广泛的关注。然而,由于N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰具有独特的P-N键结构,导致其化学稳定性差。尤其是在O<\/i>-磷酸化肽段富集常用的酸性条件下,N<\/i>-磷酸化极易丢失。因此,目前对N<\/i>-磷酸化蛋白质的研究仍处于初始阶段。该文针对蛋白质N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰的特点、富集和鉴定方法进行了综述,并对其发展前景进行了展望。","abstractInfoCn":"蛋白质磷酸化修饰在细胞的信号转导、代谢、发育等生命过程中发挥着重要作用。除了研究较为透彻的发生在丝氨酸、苏氨酸和酪氨酸侧链羟基的O<\/i>-磷酸化修饰之外,近年来,发生在组氨酸、精氨酸和赖氨酸侧链氨基的N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰受到了越来越广泛的关注。然而,由于N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰具有独特的P-N键结构,导致其化学稳定性差。尤其是在O<\/i>-磷酸化肽段富集常用的酸性条件下,N<\/i>-磷酸化极易丢失。因此,目前对N<\/i>-磷酸化蛋白质的研究仍处于初始阶段。该文针对蛋白质N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰的特点、富集和鉴定方法进行了综述,并对其发展前景进行了展望。","abstractInfoEn":"Protein phosphorylation plays an important role in various life processes, such as signaling, metabolism, and growth. In addition to the well-known O<\/i>-phosphorylation, which occurs on serine, threonine and tyrosine side chains, N<\/i>-phosphorylation, occurring on histidine, arginine and lysine side chains, has attracted much attention. However, due to the chemical instability of N<\/i>-phosphorylation, the studies on it are still in the nascent stage. In this review, enrichment and detection methods for protein N<\/i>-phosphorylation are reviewed, and future research in this field is prospected.","articleNo":"sp1909015","authorCnList":["胡晔晨"," 江波"," 张丽华"," 张玉奎"],"authorEnList":["HU Yechen"," JIANG Bo"," ZHANG Lihua"," ZHANG Yukui"],"authorList":["胡晔晨"," 江波"," 张丽华"," 张玉奎"],"authors":"胡晔晨, 江波, 张丽华, 张玉奎","authorsCn":"胡晔晨, 江波, 张丽华, 张玉奎","authorsEn":"HU Yechen, JIANG Bo, ZHANG Lihua, ZHANG Yukui","categoryName":"专论与综述","categoryNameCn":"专论与综述","categoryNameEn":"Reviews","citation":"胡晔晨, 江波, 张丽华, 张玉奎. N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰蛋白质的富集和鉴定方法. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 278-286. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09015.","citationCn":"胡晔晨, 江波, 张丽华, 张玉奎. N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰蛋白质的富集和鉴定方法. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 278-286. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09015.","citationEn":"胡晔晨, 江波, 张丽华, 张玉奎. Advancesin enrichment and detection methods for N<\/i>-phosphorylated proteins. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 278-286. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09015.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09015","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"278","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":9,"htmlFile":"","id":"d6fa9cfd-a035-479e-b1fe-98affd6b3c14","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"蛋白质N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰, 富集, 检测, 综述","keywordCn":"蛋白质N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰, 富集, 检测, 综述","keywordCnList":["蛋白质N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰"," 富集"," 检测"," 综述"],"keywordEn":"protein N<\/i>-phosphorylation, enrichment, detection, review","keywordEnList":["protein N<\/i>-phosphorylation"," enrichment"," detection"," review"],"keywordList":["蛋白质N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰"," 富集"," 检测"," 综述"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"286","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":4,"pdfSize":2564.65,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰蛋白质的富集和鉴定方法","titleCn":"N<\/i>-磷酸化修饰蛋白质的富集和鉴定方法","titleEn":"Advancesin enrichment and detection methods for N<\/i>-phosphorylated proteins","viewCount":9,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"随着全氟和多氟化合物(perfluoroalkylandpolyfluoroalkylsubstances,PFASs)被列入《斯德哥尔摩公约》的持久性有机污染物名录,各国对于该类物质的关注逐步升高。该类物质在环境中的广泛检出,使得其环境行为研究不断扩展和加深。目前,针对不同类型PFASs的样品前处理方式与检测方法也在不断发展中,而从中选择最合适的前处理和分析方法是开展PFASs环境科学、管理和污染控制研究的前提。该文针对传统PFASs及其异构体、PFASs前体物和新型PFASs等的样品前处理方法、色谱-质谱分析方法进行归纳总结,认识其现状和问题,并在此基础上对其发展进行了展望。","abstractInfoCn":"随着全氟和多氟化合物(perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances,PFASs)被列入《斯德哥尔摩公约》的持久性有机污染物名录,各国对于该类物质的关注逐步升高。该类物质在环境中的广泛检出,使得其环境行为研究不断扩展和加深。目前,针对不同类型PFASs的样品前处理方式与检测方法也在不断发展中,而从中选择最合适的前处理和分析方法是开展PFASs环境科学、管理和污染控制研究的前提。该文针对传统PFASs及其异构体、PFASs前体物和新型PFASs等的样品前处理方法、色谱-质谱分析方法进行归纳总结,认识其现状和问题,并在此基础上对其发展进行了展望。","abstractInfoEn":"With the gradual implementation of the Stockholm Convention on persistent organic pollutants (POPs), perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have attracted more extraordinary attentions from environmental researchers. Researches into the environmental persistence, toxicity and bioaccumulative potential of PFASs have entered a new stage of rapid development owing to their massive detection in various environmental media. Because of the regulatory limitations on legacy PFASs, their isomers and precursors, and various emerging PFASs as their substituents have been concerned by many scientists and organizations. Till date, numerous methods for the sample pretreatment and analysis of diverse PFASs have been proposed, which have distinctive advantages. Hence, appropriate choice of the analytical method is imperative for studying the environmental behavior and fate of PFASs, even for precautionary environmental management. This paper reviews the research progress on pretreatment and analytical methods, including HPLC-MS, GC-MS and HPLC-high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS), GC-HRMS, used for the determination of legacy PFASs as well as, their isomers and precursors, and emerging PFASs. The current problems and critical areas of research that warrant further attention are also discussed herein.","articleNo":"sp1909019","authorCnList":["贺思思"," 史亚利"," 蔡亚岐"," 张春晖"],"authorEnList":["HE Sisi"," SHI Yali"," CAI Yaqi"," ZHANG Chunhui"],"authorList":["贺思思"," 史亚利"," 蔡亚岐"," 张春晖"],"authors":"贺思思, 史亚利, 蔡亚岐, 张春晖","authorsCn":"贺思思, 史亚利, 蔡亚岐, 张春晖","authorsEn":"HE Sisi, SHI Yali, CAI Yaqi, ZHANG Chunhui","categoryName":"专论与综述","categoryNameCn":"专论与综述","categoryNameEn":"Reviews","citation":"贺思思, 史亚利, 蔡亚岐, 张春晖. 全氟/多氟化合物分析方法的研究进展. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 287-296. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09019.","citationCn":"贺思思, 史亚利, 蔡亚岐, 张春晖. 全氟/多氟化合物分析方法的研究进展. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 287-296. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09019.","citationEn":"贺思思, 史亚利, 蔡亚岐, 张春晖. Research progress on the analytical method of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 287-296. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09019.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09019","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"287","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":8,"htmlFile":"","id":"b49a6486-bdda-4731-8e3d-9d58861870d8","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"色谱, 质谱, 样品前处理, 全氟/多氟化合物, 综述","keywordCn":"色谱, 质谱, 样品前处理, 全氟/多氟化合物, 综述","keywordCnList":["色谱"," 质谱"," 样品前处理"," 全氟/多氟化合物"," 综述"],"keywordEn":"chromatography, mass spectrometry, sample pretreatment, perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), review","keywordEnList":["chromatography"," mass spectrometry"," sample pretreatment"," perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs)"," review"],"keywordList":["色谱"," 质谱"," 样品前处理"," 全氟/多氟化合物"," 综述"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"296","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":7,"pdfSize":878.85,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"全氟/多氟化合物分析方法的研究进展","titleCn":"全氟/多氟化合物分析方法的研究进展","titleEn":"Research progress on the analytical method of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances","viewCount":9,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"染料在许多工业领域中的长期广泛使用,带来了严重的环境水污染问题,威胁人类健康,因此有效地从水中去除染料是亟待解决的问题。吸附由于具有高效、简单和低成本的优点而成为降低水中染料含量最有吸引力的技术之一。吸附剂的选择对染料的高效吸附至关重要。具有大环空腔的超分子大环化合物作为主体分子对很多客体分子都具有较强的吸附作用,其作为染料吸附剂得到了极其广泛的关注。该文综述了基于大环化合物的吸附剂的制备及用于水体中染料去除的研究,对各种吸附剂的吸附性能进行了讨论,并对基于大环化合物的染料吸附剂的未来发展提出展望。","abstractInfoCn":"染料在许多工业领域中的长期广泛使用,带来了严重的环境水污染问题,威胁人类健康,因此有效地从水中去除染料是亟待解决的问题。吸附由于具有高效、简单和低成本的优点而成为降低水中染料含量最有吸引力的技术之一。吸附剂的选择对染料的高效吸附至关重要。具有大环空腔的超分子大环化合物作为主体分子对很多客体分子都具有较强的吸附作用,其作为染料吸附剂得到了极其广泛的关注。该文综述了基于大环化合物的吸附剂的制备及用于水体中染料去除的研究,对各种吸附剂的吸附性能进行了讨论,并对基于大环化合物的染料吸附剂的未来发展提出展望。","abstractInfoEn":"Dyes have long been used in many industrial fields, and this has led to severe environmental water pollution, eventually posing a threat to human health. Therefore, effective removal of dyes from water is an urgent problem to be addressed. Adsorption is one of the most attractive techniques for reducing the dye content in water because of its high efficiency, simplicity, and low cost. The choice of adsorbent is critical for the efficient adsorption of dyes. Macrocyclic compounds with a large cavity as a host molecule show a strong adsorption effect on many guest molecules and have thus attracted attention as dye adsorbents. In this paper, the preparation of macrocyclic compound-based adsorbents and their applications in the removal of dyes in water are reviewed. The adsorption performance of various adsorbents are discussed, and their future development is proposed.","articleNo":"sp1910018","authorCnList":["李萍"," 张大伟"," 贾琼"],"authorEnList":["LI Ping"," ZHANG Dawei"," JIA Qiong"],"authorList":["李萍"," 张大伟"," 贾琼"],"authors":"李萍, 张大伟, 贾琼","authorsCn":"李萍, 张大伟, 贾琼","authorsEn":"LI Ping, ZHANG Dawei, JIA Qiong","categoryName":"专论与综述","categoryNameCn":"专论与综述","categoryNameEn":"Reviews","citation":"李萍, 张大伟, 贾琼. 超分子大环化合物用于染料吸附的研究进展. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 297-306. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10018.","citationCn":"李萍, 张大伟, 贾琼. 超分子大环化合物用于染料吸附的研究进展. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 297-306. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10018.","citationEn":"李萍, 张大伟, 贾琼. Research advances in supramolecular macrocyclic compounds for dye adsorption. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 297-306. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10018.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10018","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"297","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":5,"htmlFile":"","id":"41004ebe-74e0-43dc-9c00-56cde38b14ae","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"大环化合物, 染料, 吸附, 综述","keywordCn":"大环化合物, 染料, 吸附, 综述","keywordCnList":["大环化合物"," 染料"," 吸附"," 综述"],"keywordEn":"macrocyclic compounds, dyes, adsorption, review","keywordEnList":["macrocyclic compounds"," dyes"," adsorption"," review"],"keywordList":["大环化合物"," 染料"," 吸附"," 综述"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"306","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":2,"pdfSize":1099.12,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"超分子大环化合物用于染料吸附的研究进展","titleCn":"超分子大环化合物用于染料吸附的研究进展","titleEn":"Research advances in supramolecular macrocyclic compounds for dye adsorption","viewCount":5,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"真菌毒素是由真菌在一定环境条件下产生的一类具有毒性的小分子次级代谢产物。真菌毒素种类多,毒性强,污染范围广,可经食物链直接或间接进入人体,危及人体健康。食品基质形态多样,成分复杂,而实际样品中真菌毒素含量低,难以直接对目标物进行分析,故高效的样品前处理技术能实现待测物的分离和富集,在实际样品的分析中尤为重要。该文主要综述了基于磁性纳米材料、石墨烯类材料、分子印迹材料、免疫亲和材料、适配体功能材料等新型分离介质的液相萃取技术、固相萃取技术、场辅助提取技术(磁性固相萃取、超声辅助提取、微波辅助提取)、免疫亲和柱法、QuEChERS法等前处理技术在食品中真菌毒素分析中的应用,并对其分析的发展趋势进行了展望。","abstractInfoCn":"真菌毒素是由真菌在一定环境条件下产生的一类具有毒性的小分子次级代谢产物。真菌毒素种类多,毒性强,污染范围广,可经食物链直接或间接进入人体,危及人体健康。食品基质形态多样,成分复杂,而实际样品中真菌毒素含量低,难以直接对目标物进行分析,故高效的样品前处理技术能实现待测物的分离和富集,在实际样品的分析中尤为重要。该文主要综述了基于磁性纳米材料、石墨烯类材料、分子印迹材料、免疫亲和材料、适配体功能材料等新型分离介质的液相萃取技术、固相萃取技术、场辅助提取技术(磁性固相萃取、超声辅助提取、微波辅助提取)、免疫亲和柱法、QuEChERS法等前处理技术在食品中真菌毒素分析中的应用,并对其分析的发展趋势进行了展望。","abstractInfoEn":"Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites with low molecular weight that are produced by fungus under certain environmental conditions. Mycotoxins are of various types and show strong toxicity. They can enter the food chain directly or indirectly, causing diseases or even death to humans and other animals. It is very crucial to use efficient sample preparations to realize the separation and enrichment of targets before analysis due to diversified foods, complex matrix and low concentrations in real samples. In this paper, preparation methods using new separation media, such as liquid phase extraction, solid phase extraction, magnetic solid phase extraction, ultrasound-assisted extraction, microwave-assisted extraction, immunoaffinity chromatography and QuEChERS are introduced. In addition, future trends in sample preparation for food mycotoxins are prospected.","articleNo":"sp1910023","authorCnList":["胡文尧"," 龙美名"," 胡玉斐"," 李攻科"],"authorEnList":["HU Wenyao"," LONG Meiming"," HU Yufei"," LI Gongke"],"authorList":["胡文尧"," 龙美名"," 胡玉斐"," 李攻科"],"authors":"胡文尧, 龙美名, 胡玉斐, 李攻科","authorsCn":"胡文尧, 龙美名, 胡玉斐, 李攻科","authorsEn":"HU Wenyao, LONG Meiming, HU Yufei, LI Gongke","categoryName":"专论与综述","categoryNameCn":"专论与综述","categoryNameEn":"Reviews","citation":"胡文尧, 龙美名, 胡玉斐, 李攻科. 食品中真菌毒素样品前处理方法的研究进展. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 307-316. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10023.","citationCn":"胡文尧, 龙美名, 胡玉斐, 李攻科. 食品中真菌毒素样品前处理方法的研究进展. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 307-316. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10023.","citationEn":"胡文尧, 龙美名, 胡玉斐, 李攻科. Advances on preparation methods for mycotoxins in food samples. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 307-316. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10023.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10023","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"307","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":9,"htmlFile":"","id":"9094e72f-1483-46ed-950e-607e88d7c827","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"样品前处理, 介质, 真菌毒素, 食品, 综述","keywordCn":"样品前处理, 介质, 真菌毒素, 食品, 综述","keywordCnList":["样品前处理"," 介质"," 真菌毒素"," 食品"," 综述"],"keywordEn":"sample preparation, medium, mycotoxins, foods, review","keywordEnList":["sample preparation"," medium"," mycotoxins"," foods"," review"],"keywordList":["样品前处理"," 介质"," 真菌毒素"," 食品"," 综述"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"316","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":7,"pdfSize":1503.89,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"食品中真菌毒素样品前处理方法的研究进展","titleCn":"食品中真菌毒素样品前处理方法的研究进展","titleEn":"Advances on preparation methods for mycotoxins in food samples","viewCount":9,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"手性化合物的对映异构体往往表现出不同的生理活性,因此建立手性化合物的有效分离分析方法具有重要意义。毛细管电泳(CE)是一种分离效率高、分析速度快、样品用量少、分离模式灵活多样的分离分析方法,在手性化合物的分离和检测领域应用广泛。该文主要综述了2017~2019年CE在手性分离分析方面的最新进展,并对其未来的发展趋势进行了展望。","abstractInfoCn":"手性化合物的对映异构体往往表现出不同的生理活性,因此建立手性化合物的有效分离分析方法具有重要意义。毛细管电泳(CE)是一种分离效率高、分析速度快、样品用量少、分离模式灵活多样的分离分析方法,在手性化合物的分离和检测领域应用广泛。该文主要综述了2017~2019年CE在手性分离分析方面的最新进展,并对其未来的发展趋势进行了展望。","abstractInfoEn":"As the enantiomers of chiral compounds often exhibit different physiological activities, the establishment of effective separation and analytical methods for chiral compounds is of great significance. As a widely used chiral separation and detection technique, capillary electrophoresis (CE) offers the advantages of high separation efficiency, high speed, small sample consumption and flexible separation mode. In this review, research progresses in chiral separation by CE for the period 2017 to 2019 are summarized, and future developments are prospected.","articleNo":"sp1910019","authorCnList":["刘明霞"," 李向军"," 白玉"," 刘虎威"],"authorEnList":["LIU Mingxia"," LI Xiangjun"," BAI Yu"," LIU Huwei"],"authorList":["刘明霞"," 李向军"," 白玉"," 刘虎威"],"authors":"刘明霞, 李向军, 白玉, 刘虎威","authorsCn":"刘明霞, 李向军, 白玉, 刘虎威","authorsEn":"LIU Mingxia, LI Xiangjun, BAI Yu, LIU Huwei","categoryName":"专论与综述","categoryNameCn":"专论与综述","categoryNameEn":"Reviews","citation":"刘明霞, 李向军, 白玉, 刘虎威. 毛细管电泳在手性化合物分离分析中的研究进展. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 317-323. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10019.","citationCn":"刘明霞, 李向军, 白玉, 刘虎威. 毛细管电泳在手性化合物分离分析中的研究进展. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 317-323. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10019.","citationEn":"刘明霞, 李向军, 白玉, 刘虎威. Recent advances of separation and analysis of chiral compounds by capillary electrophoresis. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 317-323. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10019.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10019","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"317","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":6,"htmlFile":"","id":"b2d4a234-baba-4455-b635-15842378f5d5","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"毛细管电泳, 手性分离, 综述","keywordCn":"毛细管电泳, 手性分离, 综述","keywordCnList":["毛细管电泳"," 手性分离"," 综述"],"keywordEn":"capillary electrophoresis (CE), chiral separation, review","keywordEnList":["capillary electrophoresis (CE)"," chiral separation"," review"],"keywordList":["毛细管电泳"," 手性分离"," 综述"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"323","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":3,"pdfSize":850.97,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"毛细管电泳在手性化合物分离分析中的研究进展","titleCn":"毛细管电泳在手性化合物分离分析中的研究进展","titleEn":"Recent advances of separation and analysis of chiral compounds by capillary electrophoresis","viewCount":6,"volume":"38","year":2020}],"研究论文":[{"abstractInfo":"多肽作为神经递质、激素、受体等参与和调节许多重要的生命过程。随着对多肽结构与功能认识的深入,化学合成多肽在生物医药、生命分析等领域显示了重要价值。人心房钠尿肽(ANP)是一种由28个氨基酸组成的多肽类激素,其含量和代谢异常与心血管疾病、癌症等密切相关。针对ANP重要的生理功能,该文开展了ANP化学合成及其过程的监测与优化,设计了集固相合成线性直链多肽和液相氧化成环为一体的策略。基于高效液相色谱的分离性能和多级质谱的结构鉴定能力,建立了超高效液相色谱-串联质谱(UHPLC-MS/MS)分析新方法,对固相合成产物进行了分离分析,并对液相氧化方法进行了筛选和优化,最终分离纯化得到了目标多肽,为人心房钠尿肽的高效化学合成及氧化成环反应提供借鉴。","abstractInfoCn":"多肽作为神经递质、激素、受体等参与和调节许多重要的生命过程。随着对多肽结构与功能认识的深入,化学合成多肽在生物医药、生命分析等领域显示了重要价值。人心房钠尿肽(ANP)是一种由28个氨基酸组成的多肽类激素,其含量和代谢异常与心血管疾病、癌症等密切相关。针对ANP重要的生理功能,该文开展了ANP化学合成及其过程的监测与优化,设计了集固相合成线性直链多肽和液相氧化成环为一体的策略。基于高效液相色谱的分离性能和多级质谱的结构鉴定能力,建立了超高效液相色谱-串联质谱(UHPLC-MS/MS)分析新方法,对固相合成产物进行了分离分析,并对液相氧化方法进行了筛选和优化,最终分离纯化得到了目标多肽,为人心房钠尿肽的高效化学合成及氧化成环反应提供借鉴。","abstractInfoEn":"Peptides participate in and regulate many important life processes as neurotransmitters, hormones and receptors. With detailed understanding of the structure and function of peptides, chemically synthesized peptides have shown great value in the fields of biomedicine and life analysis. Human atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a polypeptide hormone consisting of 28 amino acids. The abnormalities in the content and metabolism of ANP are closely related to the diseases like cardiovascular diseases and cancer. In view of the important physiological functions of ANP, herein we monitored and optimized the chemical synthesis of ANP chemical synthesis. The strategy involved integrating solid phase synthesis of linear peptide chain and liquid phase oxidation. Based on the excellent separation performance of HPLC and the excellent qualitative ability of mass spectrometry (MS), a new method based on ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was established to monitor the synthesis reaction and to separate and purify the obtained products. This study provides a reference for the efficient chemical synthesis and oxidative ring formation of human atrial natriuretic peptide.","articleNo":"sp1910020","authorCnList":["徐坤"," 金钰龙"," 黄嫣嫣"," 赵睿"],"authorEnList":["XU Kun"," JIN Yulong"," HUANG Yanyan"," ZHAO Rui"],"authorList":["徐坤"," 金钰龙"," 黄嫣嫣"," 赵睿"],"authors":"徐坤, 金钰龙, 黄嫣嫣, 赵睿","authorsCn":"徐坤, 金钰龙, 黄嫣嫣, 赵睿","authorsEn":"XU Kun, JIN Yulong, HUANG Yanyan, ZHAO Rui","categoryName":"研究论文","categoryNameCn":"研究论文","categoryNameEn":"Articles","citation":"徐坤, 金钰龙, 黄嫣嫣, 赵睿. 超高效液相色谱-质谱联用法监测人心房钠尿肽的化学合成. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 324-331. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10020.","citationCn":"徐坤, 金钰龙, 黄嫣嫣, 赵睿. 超高效液相色谱-质谱联用法监测人心房钠尿肽的化学合成. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 324-331. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10020.","citationEn":"徐坤, 金钰龙, 黄嫣嫣, 赵睿. Monitoring chemical synthesis of human atrial natriuretic peptide by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 324-331. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10020.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10020","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"324","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":12,"htmlFile":"","id":"26eb26d4-10fa-492b-9879-8b18559c4edd","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"超高效液相色谱-质谱联用, 多肽固相合成, 人心房钠尿肽, 氧化反应","keywordCn":"超高效液相色谱-质谱联用, 多肽固相合成, 人心房钠尿肽, 氧化反应","keywordCnList":["超高效液相色谱-质谱联用"," 多肽固相合成"," 人心房钠尿肽"," 氧化反应"],"keywordEn":"ultra high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS), solid phase peptide synthesis (SPSS), human atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), oxidation","keywordEnList":["ultra high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS)"," solid phase peptide synthesis (SPSS)"," human atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)"," oxidation"],"keywordList":["超高效液相色谱-质谱联用"," 多肽固相合成"," 人心房钠尿肽"," 氧化反应"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"331","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":7,"pdfSize":1384.95,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"超高效液相色谱-质谱联用法监测人心房钠尿肽的化学合成","titleCn":"超高效液相色谱-质谱联用法监测人心房钠尿肽的化学合成","titleEn":"Monitoring chemical synthesis of human atrial natriuretic peptide by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis","viewCount":16,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"有机氯(OCPs)和拟除虫菊酯(PYs)是两类广泛使用的农药,对自然环境和人类健康具有极大危害。在本研究中,通过原位溶剂热聚合法制备了金属有机骨架/碳化氮纳米片(UiO-66/HOCN)复合材料涂覆的固相微萃取(SPME)纤维,该纤维拥有良好的稳定性,并对OCPs和PYs具有高效的萃取性能。将其与气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)相结合,建立了用于OCPs和PYs检测的高灵敏分析方法。该方法对9种农药目标物表现出了令人满意的回收率和重现性,具有检出限低(0.03~0.30ng/L)、线性范围宽(0.1~800.0ng/L)和线性相关系数良好(≥0.9978)等优点。将所建立的方法用于实际红茶样品中农药残留的检测,成功地在实际样品中检测出了艾试剂(6.6ng/L)、α<\/i>-硫丹(54.7ng/L)和联苯菊酯(185.8ng/L)。实验结果表明,所建立的分析方法适用于复杂基质中农药残留的分析和监测。","abstractInfoCn":"有机氯(OCPs)和拟除虫菊酯(PYs)是两类广泛使用的农药,对自然环境和人类健康具有极大危害。在本研究中,通过原位溶剂热聚合法制备了金属有机骨架/碳化氮纳米片(UiO-66/HOCN)复合材料涂覆的固相微萃取(SPME)纤维,该纤维拥有良好的稳定性,并对OCPs和PYs具有高效的萃取性能。将其与气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)相结合,建立了用于OCPs和PYs检测的高灵敏分析方法。该方法对9种农药目标物表现出了令人满意的回收率和重现性,具有检出限低(0.03~0.30 ng/L)、线性范围宽(0.1~800.0 ng/L)和线性相关系数良好(≥ 0.9978)等优点。将所建立的方法用于实际红茶样品中农药残留的检测,成功地在实际样品中检测出了艾试剂(6.6 ng/L)、α<\/i>-硫丹(54.7 ng/L)和联苯菊酯(185.8 ng/L)。实验结果表明,所建立的分析方法适用于复杂基质中农药残留的分析和监测。","abstractInfoEn":"Pyrethroids (PYs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are widely used to control pests and diseases in plants; however, they threaten human health. In this study, a metal-organic framework/carbon-nitrogen nanosheet composite nanomaterial (UiO-66/HOCN)-coated solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fiber was prepared by in-situ thermal polymerization. The prepared UiO-66/HOCN composite material was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption porosimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and zeta potentiometry. The prepared UiO-66/HOCN composite-coated MSPE fiber was used for the enrichment and separation of OCPs and PYs, which showed good thermal and chemical stability as well as high extraction efficiency. Combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), an efficient and sensitive method for the detection of trace levels of OCPs and PYs was developed. Under the optimal experimental conditions, wide linear ranges (0.1-800.0 ng/L), good linearity (≥ 0.9978), low limits of detection (0.03-0.30 ng/L), and acceptable repeatability (RSD ≤ 8.9%, n<\/i>=3) were obtained. Typical black tea samples were analyzed by the developed method, and trace levels of aldrin (6.6 ng/g), α<\/i> -endosulfan (54.7 ng/g), and bifenthrin (185.8 ng/g) were detected. The results demonstrate that the developed method has immense potential for the detection of pesticides in a complicated matrix.","articleNo":"sp1910036","authorCnList":["张文敏"," 冯遵梅"," 黄川辉"," 高佳"," 张兰"],"authorEnList":["ZHANG Wenmin"," FENG Zunmei"," HUANG Chuanhui"," GAO Jia"," ZHANG Lan"],"authorList":["张文敏"," 冯遵梅"," 黄川辉"," 高佳"," 张兰"],"authors":"张文敏, 冯遵梅, 黄川辉, 高佳, 张兰","authorsCn":"张文敏, 冯遵梅, 黄川辉, 高佳, 张兰","authorsEn":"ZHANG Wenmin, FENG Zunmei, HUANG Chuanhui, GAO Jia, ZHANG Lan","categoryName":"研究论文","categoryNameCn":"研究论文","categoryNameEn":"Articles","citation":"张文敏, 冯遵梅, 黄川辉, 高佳, 张兰. 原位溶剂热聚合法制备金属有机骨架/碳化氮纳米片涂覆的固相微萃取纤维用于红茶中农药残留的高灵敏检测. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 332-340. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10036.","citationCn":"张文敏, 冯遵梅, 黄川辉, 高佳, 张兰. 原位溶剂热聚合法制备金属有机骨架/碳化氮纳米片涂覆的固相微萃取纤维用于红茶中农药残留的高灵敏检测. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 332-340. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10036.","citationEn":"张文敏, 冯遵梅, 黄川辉, 高佳, 张兰. In-situ solvothermal polymerization of metal-organic framework/carbon-nitrogen nanosheet-coated solid-phase microextraction fiber for highly sensitive detection of pesticide residues in black tea. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 332-340. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10036.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.10036","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"332","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":15,"htmlFile":"","id":"021c1502-2803-47b4-bd0d-d33c38311dbf","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"多孔碳化氮纳米片, 金属骨架有机材料, 固相微萃取, 气相色谱-质谱联用, 农药, 红茶","keywordCn":"多孔碳化氮纳米片, 金属骨架有机材料, 固相微萃取, 气相色谱-质谱联用, 农药, 红茶","keywordCnList":["多孔碳化氮纳米片"," 金属骨架有机材料"," 固相微萃取"," 气相色谱-质谱联用"," 农药"," 红茶"],"keywordEn":"porous carbon-nitrogen nanosheet, metal-organic framework (MOF), solid-phase microextraction (SPME), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), pesticides, black tea","keywordEnList":["porous carbon-nitrogen nanosheet"," metal-organic framework (MOF)"," solid-phase microextraction (SPME)"," gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)"," pesticides"," black tea"],"keywordList":["多孔碳化氮纳米片"," 金属骨架有机材料"," 固相微萃取"," 气相色谱-质谱联用"," 农药"," 红茶"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"340","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":4,"pdfSize":4086.17,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"原位溶剂热聚合法制备金属有机骨架/碳化氮纳米片涂覆的固相微萃取纤维用于红茶中农药残留的高灵敏检测","titleCn":"原位溶剂热聚合法制备金属有机骨架/碳化氮纳米片涂覆的固相微萃取纤维用于红茶中农药残留的高灵敏检测","titleEn":"In-situ solvothermal polymerization of metal-organic framework/carbon-nitrogen nanosheet-coated solid-phase microextraction fiber for highly sensitive detection of pesticide residues in black tea","viewCount":26,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"制备了氨丙基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-N)、乙二胺-N<\/i>-丙基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-2N)、二乙烯三胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-3N)、三乙烯四胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-4N)、四乙烯五胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-5N)、五乙烯六胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-6N)和聚乙烯亚胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N),一步法制备的SiO2<\/sub>-N和SiO2<\/sub>-2N的胺基键合密度高达2.07mmol/g和1.71mmol/g,两步法制备的SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N的胺基键合密度为0.02mmol/g,其余胺基键合硅胶中胺基密度约为0.50mmol/g。这7种胺基键合硅胶被用于水溶液中常见重金属离子Pb2+<\/sup>的吸附研究。结果表明,在30℃条件下,分别加入10mL400mg/L的Pb2+<\/sup>溶液(pH5)和20mg胺基键合硅胶进行吸附,10h后,Pb2+<\/sup>吸附量达到最大,吸附过程符合Freundlich等温方程。SiO2<\/sub>-N、SiO2<\/sub>-2N、SiO2<\/sub>-3N、SiO2<\/sub>-4N、SiO2<\/sub>-5N、SiO2<\/sub>-6N和SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N对Pb2+<\/sup>的吸附量依次为131.28、138.98、85.37、75.22、61.87、79.12和114.06mg/g,这些胺基键合硅胶在吸附Pb2+<\/sup>方面均非常具有潜力。","abstractInfoCn":"制备了氨丙基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-N)、乙二胺-N<\/i>-丙基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-2N)、二乙烯三胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-3N)、三乙烯四胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-4N)、四乙烯五胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-5N)、五乙烯六胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-6N)和聚乙烯亚胺基键合硅胶(SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N),一步法制备的SiO2<\/sub>-N和SiO2<\/sub>-2N的胺基键合密度高达2.07 mmol/g和1.71mmol/g,两步法制备的SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N的胺基键合密度为0.02mmol/g,其余胺基键合硅胶中胺基密度约为0.50mmol/g。这7种胺基键合硅胶被用于水溶液中常见重金属离子Pb2+<\/sup>的吸附研究。结果表明,在30℃条件下,分别加入10 mL 400 mg/L的Pb2+<\/sup>溶液(pH 5)和20 mg胺基键合硅胶进行吸附,10 h后,Pb2+<\/sup>吸附量达到最大,吸附过程符合Freundlich等温方程。SiO2<\/sub>-N、SiO2<\/sub>-2N、SiO2<\/sub>-3N、SiO2<\/sub>-4N、SiO2<\/sub>-5N、SiO2<\/sub>-6N和SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N对Pb2+<\/sup>的吸附量依次为131.28、138.98、85.37、75.22、61.87、79.12和114.06 mg/g,这些胺基键合硅胶在吸附Pb2+<\/sup>方面均非常具有潜力。","abstractInfoEn":"Seven kinds of amino bonded silica gels were prepared. They were aminopropyl bonded silica gel (SiO2<\/sub>-N), ethylenediamine-N<\/i>-propyl bonded silica gel (SiO2<\/sub>-2N), diethylenetriamine bonded silica gel (SiO2<\/sub>-3N), triethylenetetramine bonded silica gel (SiO2<\/sub>-4N), tetraethylene pentamine bonded silica gel (SiO2<\/sub>-5N), pentaethylene hexamine bonded silica gel (SiO2<\/sub>-6N) and polyvinylimide bonded silica gel (SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N). The densities of the bonded amino groups in SiO2<\/sub>-N and SiO2<\/sub>-2N prepared by a one-step method were up to 2.07mmol/g and 1.71mmol/g, respectively. The density of the bonded amino groups in SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N with ethylene imine units prepared by a two-step method, was 0.02mmol/g. The densities of the bonded amino groups in the other silica gels were similar, about 0.50mmol/g. The synthesized silica gels were used to investigate the adsorption of the heavy metal ion Pb2+<\/sup> which commonly exists in aqueous solutions. About 20 mg of the silica gel was added to 10 mL of 400 mg/L Pb2+<\/sup>, at pH 5 and 30℃. The results indicated that the adsorption capacity reached the maximum value after 10 h. The adsorption process was fit to the Freundlich isothermal equation. The adsorption capacities of SiO2<\/sub>-N, SiO2<\/sub>-2N, SiO2<\/sub>-3N, SiO2<\/sub>-4N, SiO2<\/sub>-5N, SiO2<\/sub>-6N and SiO2<\/sub>-n<\/i>N to Pb2+<\/sup>were 131.28, 138.98, 85.37, 75.22, 61.87, 79.12 and 114.06 mg/g, respectively, indicating the potential utility of these amino-functionalized silica gels for the adsorption of Pb2+<\/sup>.","articleNo":"sp1909030","authorCnList":["李来明"," 任芳芳"," ASSEFA Aschenaki"," 刘佳"," 张筱菲"," 包建民"," 李优鑫"],"authorEnList":["LI Laiming"," REN Fangfang"," ASSEFA Aschenaki"," LIU Jia"," ZHANG Xiaofei"," BAO Jianmin"," LI Youxin"],"authorList":["李来明"," 任芳芳"," ASSEFA Aschenaki"," 刘佳"," 张筱菲"," 包建民"," 李优鑫"],"authors":"李来明, 任芳芳, ASSEFA Aschenaki, 刘佳, 张筱菲, 包建民, 李优鑫","authorsCn":"李来明, 任芳芳, ASSEFA Aschenaki, 刘佳, 张筱菲, 包建民, 李优鑫","authorsEn":"LI Laiming, REN Fangfang, ASSEFA Aschenaki, LIU Jia, ZHANG Xiaofei, BAO Jianmin, LI Youxin","categoryName":"研究论文","categoryNameCn":"研究论文","categoryNameEn":"Articles","citation":"李来明, 任芳芳, ASSEFA Aschenaki, 刘佳, 张筱菲, 包建民, 李优鑫. 7种胺基键合硅胶的制备及其对重金属Pb2+<\/sup>的吸附. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 341-349. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09030.","citationCn":"李来明, 任芳芳, ASSEFA Aschenaki, 刘佳, 张筱菲, 包建民, 李优鑫. 7种胺基键合硅胶的制备及其对重金属Pb2+<\/sup>的吸附. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 341-349. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09030.","citationEn":"李来明, 任芳芳, ASSEFA Aschenaki, 刘佳, 张筱菲, 包建民, 李优鑫. Preparation of seven kinds of amino bonded silica gels and their adsorption to heavy metal Pb2+<\/sup>. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 341-349. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09030.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09030","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"341","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":9,"htmlFile":"","id":"ed914e0d-6260-4279-a43e-54be867a9401","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"胺基键合硅胶, 重金属去除, 铅离子, 吸附量","keywordCn":"胺基键合硅胶, 重金属去除, 铅离子, 吸附量","keywordCnList":["胺基键合硅胶"," 重金属去除"," 铅离子"," 吸附量"],"keywordEn":"amino bonded silica gel, heavy metal removal, lead ion (Pb2+<\/sup>), adsorption capacity","keywordEnList":["amino bonded silica gel"," heavy metal removal"," lead ion (Pb2+<\/sup>)"," adsorption capacity"],"keywordList":["胺基键合硅胶"," 重金属去除"," 铅离子"," 吸附量"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"349","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":3,"pdfSize":7511.71,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"7种胺基键合硅胶的制备及其对重金属Pb2+<\/sup>的吸附","titleCn":"7种胺基键合硅胶的制备及其对重金属Pb2+<\/sup>的吸附","titleEn":"Preparation of seven kinds of amino bonded silica gels and their adsorption to heavy metal Pb2+<\/sup>","viewCount":10,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"窄内径多孔层毛细管开管柱(NPLOT柱)在生命科学领域,特别是单细胞分析领域具有较好的应用前景。本研究采用原位热引发聚合法来制备窄内径奎尼丁类手性固定相多孔层开管柱,在6μmi.d.的毛细管中制备有机聚合物多孔层,考察了不同热聚合时间(3、6和9h)对NPLOT柱形貌的影响,热聚3h和6h制备的NPLOT柱形貌均一,多孔层厚度分别为103±51nm和210±51nm。将热聚合3h制备的NPLOT柱用于纳流高效液相色谱分离N<\/i>-衍生化氨基酸对映体,在2min内即可实现基本分离,消耗的样品量仅为皮升级别。该研究将为单细胞分析提供研究手段。","abstractInfoCn":"窄内径多孔层毛细管开管柱(NPLOT柱)在生命科学领域,特别是单细胞分析领域具有较好的应用前景。本研究采用原位热引发聚合法来制备窄内径奎尼丁类手性固定相多孔层开管柱,在6 μ m i.d.的毛细管中制备有机聚合物多孔层,考察了不同热聚合时间(3、6和9 h)对NPLOT柱形貌的影响,热聚3 h和6 h制备的NPLOT柱形貌均一,多孔层厚度分别为103±51 nm和210±51 nm。将热聚合3 h制备的NPLOT柱用于纳流高效液相色谱分离N<\/i>-衍生化氨基酸对映体,在2 min内即可实现基本分离,消耗的样品量仅为皮升级别。该研究将为单细胞分析提供研究手段。","abstractInfoEn":"Porous layer open tubular capillary columns with a narrow inner diameter (NPLOT) have potential in life science, especially in single-cell analysis. In this work, quinidine-based chiral NPLOT columns were prepared by in-situ thermal-initiated polymerization. The porous layer of the organic polymer was prepared with a 6 μm i. d capillary by in-situ thermal-initiated polymerization, following which the thickness and morphology of the NPLOT column were observed for different durations (3 h, 6 h, and 9 h) of polymerization. The thicknesses of the porous layer were 103±51 nm and 210±51 nm when polymerization was conducted for 3 h and 6 h, respectively. Subsequently, the columns prepared under 3 h of polymerization were applied in nanoflow-high performance liquid chromatography for the enantioseparation of N<\/i>-derivatized amino acid enantiomers. Baseline separation was achieved in 2 min. The sample volume consumed was of the picoliter level, which would provide a means of research for single-cell analysis.","articleNo":"sp1909002","authorCnList":["李若男"," 王利娟"," 张东堂"," 王亚楠"," 郭广生"," 汪夏燕"],"authorEnList":["LI Ruonan"," WANG Lijuan"," ZHANG Dongtang"," WANG Yanan"," GUO Guangsheng"," WANG Xiayan"],"authorList":["李若男"," 王利娟"," 张东堂"," 王亚楠"," 郭广生"," 汪夏燕"],"authors":"李若男, 王利娟, 张东堂, 王亚楠, 郭广生, 汪夏燕","authorsCn":"李若男, 王利娟, 张东堂, 王亚楠, 郭广生, 汪夏燕","authorsEn":"LI Ruonan, WANG Lijuan, ZHANG Dongtang, WANG Yanan, GUO Guangsheng, WANG Xiayan","categoryName":"研究论文","categoryNameCn":"研究论文","categoryNameEn":"Articles","citation":"李若男, 王利娟, 张东堂, 王亚楠, 郭广生, 汪夏燕. 基于窄内径多孔层毛细管开管柱的纳流高效液相色谱用于N<\/i>-衍生化氨基酸对映体的分离. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 350-355. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09002.","citationCn":"李若男, 王利娟, 张东堂, 王亚楠, 郭广生, 汪夏燕. 基于窄内径多孔层毛细管开管柱的纳流高效液相色谱用于N<\/i>-衍生化氨基酸对映体的分离. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 350-355. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09002.","citationEn":"李若男, 王利娟, 张东堂, 王亚楠, 郭广生, 汪夏燕. Application of porous layer open tubular capillary columns with narrow inner diameter in nanoflow-high performance liquid chromatography for N<\/i>-derivatized amino acid enantiomers. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 350-355. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09002.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09002","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"350","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":14,"htmlFile":"","id":"f708a020-9acd-4ef3-9f28-4ceb2280c0b9","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"窄内径多孔层开管柱, 原位热引发聚合法, 纳流高效液相色谱法, 手性分离","keywordCn":"窄内径多孔层开管柱, 原位热引发聚合法, 纳流高效液相色谱法, 手性分离","keywordCnList":["窄内径多孔层开管柱"," 原位热引发聚合法"," 纳流高效液相色谱法"," 手性分离"],"keywordEn":"porous layer open tubular columns with narrow inner diameter (NPLOT), in-situ thermal-initiated polymerization, nanoflow-high performance liquid chromatography (nano-HPLC), enantioseparation","keywordEnList":["porous layer open tubular columns with narrow inner diameter (NPLOT)"," in-situ thermal-initiated polymerization"," nanoflow-high performance liquid chromatography (nano-HPLC)"," enantioseparation"],"keywordList":["窄内径多孔层开管柱"," 原位热引发聚合法"," 纳流高效液相色谱法"," 手性分离"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"355","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":6,"pdfSize":3740.55,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"基于窄内径多孔层毛细管开管柱的纳流高效液相色谱用于N<\/i>-衍生化氨基酸对映体的分离","titleCn":"基于窄内径多孔层毛细管开管柱的纳流高效液相色谱用于N<\/i>-衍生化氨基酸对映体的分离","titleEn":"Application of porous layer open tubular capillary columns with narrow inner diameter in nanoflow-high performance liquid chromatography for N<\/i>-derivatized amino acid enantiomers","viewCount":16,"volume":"38","year":2020},{"abstractInfo":"以离子液体1-乙基-3-甲基咪唑对甲苯磺酸盐([EMIm]TS)为背景电解质,采用双端进样方式,实现了毛细管电泳-间接紫外检测法同时分析测定葡萄酒中无机阳离子(K+<\/sup>、Ca2+<\/sup>、Na+<\/sup>、Mg2+<\/sup>和Li+<\/sup>)和阴离子(Cl-<\/sup>、SO4<\/sub>2-<\/sup>和ClO3<\/sub>-<\/sup>)。[EMIm]TS作为电泳缓冲溶液的同时,其阳离子和阴离子分别作为样品中阳离子和阴离子组分的间接紫外检测的背景电解质。在最佳分析条件下,可在6.5min内完成8种无机离子的同时分离检测,其线性范围为0.005~0.7g/L,相关系数为0.963~0.995,检出限(S/N<\/i>=3)为1.2~12.5mg/L。该方法成功测定了3种不同品牌的市售葡萄酒中8种无机离子。在3个加标水平下,8种无机离子的回收率为90.1%~110.5%,相对标准偏差(RSD)≤4.8%。结果表明,该方法可应用于葡萄酒中无机阴、阳离子的同时分离检测,且方法简单、快速且结果可靠。","abstractInfoCn":"以离子液体1-乙基-3-甲基咪唑对甲苯磺酸盐([EMIm]TS)为背景电解质,采用双端进样方式,实现了毛细管电泳-间接紫外检测法同时分析测定葡萄酒中无机阳离子(K+<\/sup>、Ca2+<\/sup>、Na+<\/sup>、Mg2+<\/sup>和Li+<\/sup>)和阴离子(Cl-<\/sup>、SO4<\/sub>2-<\/sup>和ClO3<\/sub>-<\/sup>)。[EMIm]TS作为电泳缓冲溶液的同时,其阳离子和阴离子分别作为样品中阳离子和阴离子组分的间接紫外检测的背景电解质。在最佳分析条件下,可在6.5 min内完成8种无机离子的同时分离检测,其线性范围为0.005~0.7 g/L,相关系数为0.963~0.995,检出限(S/N<\/i>=3)为1.2~12.5 mg/L。该方法成功测定了3种不同品牌的市售葡萄酒中8种无机离子。在3个加标水平下,8种无机离子的回收率为90.1%~110.5%,相对标准偏差(RSD)≤ 4.8%。结果表明,该方法可应用于葡萄酒中无机阴、阳离子的同时分离检测,且方法简单、快速且结果可靠。","abstractInfoEn":"A novel method was developed for the simultaneous determination of inorganic anions (Cl-<\/sup>, SO4<\/sub>2-<\/sup> and ClO3<\/sub>-<\/sup>) and cations (K+<\/sup>, Ca2+<\/sup>, Na+<\/sup>, Mg2+<\/sup> and Li+<\/sup>) in wine by capillary electrophoresis-indirect ultraviolet detection (CE-UV) with dual-opposite end injection using 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium p<\/i>-toluenesulfonate ([EMIm]TS) as the background electrolyte.[EMIm]TS acted as the running electrolyte and probe, generating the background signals for cations and anions under indirect UV light, consequently simplifying the electrophoretic medium. Under the optimal experimental conditions, baseline separation was achieved for the eight inorganic ions within 6.5 min. The linear ranges of the eight inorganic ions were 0.005-0.7 g/L, with correlation coefficients (R<\/i>2<\/sup>) of 0.963-0.995. The limits of detection (LODs) were between 1.2 and 12.5 mg/L at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3 (S/N<\/i>=3). Eight inorganic ions were detected in three different brands of wines obtained from supermarket. Good recoveries of 90.1%-110.5% at three spiked levels (0.05, 0.2 and 0.4 g/L) were achieved with a low relative standard deviations (RSDs) (n<\/i>=5) of 1.1%-4.8%. The proposed method is robust and reliable for the sensitive and rapid analysis of the inorganic anions and cations, and it has potential in evaluating the quality of wine.","articleNo":"sp1909010","authorCnList":["田苗苗"," 刘心"," 杨丽"],"authorEnList":["TIAN Miaomiao"," LIU Xin"," YANG Li"],"authorList":["田苗苗"," 刘心"," 杨丽"],"authors":"田苗苗, 刘心, 杨丽","authorsCn":"田苗苗, 刘心, 杨丽","authorsEn":"TIAN Miaomiao, LIU Xin, YANG Li","categoryName":"研究论文","categoryNameCn":"研究论文","categoryNameEn":"Articles","citation":"田苗苗, 刘心, 杨丽. 离子液体为背景电解质的毛细管电泳-间接紫外检测法同时测定葡萄酒中无机阴离子和阳离子. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 356-361. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09010.","citationCn":"田苗苗, 刘心, 杨丽. 离子液体为背景电解质的毛细管电泳-间接紫外检测法同时测定葡萄酒中无机阴离子和阳离子. 色谱, 2020, 38(3): 356-361. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09010.","citationEn":"田苗苗, 刘心, 杨丽. Simultaneous determination of inorganic anions and cations in wine by capillary electrophoresis-indirect ultraviolet detection with ionic liquid as background electrolyte. Chinese Journal of Chromatography, 2020, 38(3): 356-361. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09010.","doi":"10.3724/SP.J.1123.2019.09010","figContent":"","figList":[],"firstFig":"","fpage":"356","highCitedState":"","htmlCount":6,"htmlFile":"","id":"55eb00a0-ca41-4b18-82ef-0b64359628c7","issnPpub":"1000-8713","issue":"3","journalPublishId":"SP","journalReferenceCodeType":0,"journalTitleCn":"色谱","journalTitleEn":"Chinese Journal of Chromatography","keyword":"毛细管电泳, 间接紫外检测, 离子液体, 阴离子, 阳离子, 葡萄酒","keywordCn":"毛细管电泳, 间接紫外检测, 离子液体, 阴离子, 阳离子, 葡萄酒","keywordCnList":["毛细管电泳"," 间接紫外检测"," 离子液体"," 阴离子"," 阳离子"," 葡萄酒"],"keywordEn":"capillary electrophoresis (CE), indirect ultraviolet detection, ionic liquids, anions, cations, wine","keywordEnList":["capillary electrophoresis (CE)"," indirect ultraviolet detection"," ionic liquids"," anions"," cations"," wine"],"keywordList":["毛细管电泳"," 间接紫外检测"," 离子液体"," 阴离子"," 阳离子"," 葡萄酒"],"language":"","latestInfo":"","latestState":"","latestStateEn":"","lpage":"361","oldUrl":"http://www.chrom-china.com/fileup/HTML","pdfDownCount":5,"pdfSize":1124.52,"pubDate":"","recommendState":"","releaseState":"1","secCount":0,"title":"离子液体为背景电解质的毛细管电泳-间接紫外检测法同时测定葡萄酒中无机阴离子和阳离子","titleCn":"离子液体为背景电解质的毛细管电泳-间接紫外检测法同时测定葡萄酒中无机阴离子和阳离子","titleEn":"Simultaneous determination of inorganic anions and cations in wine by capillary electrophoresis-indirect ultraviolet detection with ionic liquid as background electrolyte","viewCount":10,"volume":"38","year":2020}]}