超快扫描量热技术表征高分子结晶动力学

何裕成 谢科锋 王优浩 周东山 胡文兵

引用本文: 何裕成, 谢科锋, 王优浩, 周东山, 胡文兵. 超快扫描量热技术表征高分子结晶动力学[J]. 物理化学学报, 2020, 36(6): 1905081-0. doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201905081 shu
Citation:  He Yucheng, Xie Kefeng, Wang Youhao, Zhou Dongshan, Hu Wenbing. Characterization of Polymer Crystallization Kinetics via Fast-Scanning Chip-Calorimetry[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2020, 36(6): 1905081-0. doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201905081 shu

超快扫描量热技术表征高分子结晶动力学

    作者简介:



    胡文兵,1966年生。1995年在复旦大学获得博士学位;分别于1998–1999年赴德国弗莱堡大学物理系Strobl研究组、2000–2001年美国田纳西大学化学系Wunderlich研究组、2001–2003年荷兰物质科学研究院(FOM)原子与分子物理研究所Frenkel研究组从事博士后研究。现任南京大学教授。主要研究方向为采用蒙特卡洛分子模拟和Flash DSC方法研究高分子结晶机理及材料热导率表征;
    通讯作者: 胡文兵, wbhu@nju.edu.cn
  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(21474050, 21734005)以及教育部长江学者创新团队(IRT1252)和中科院交叉学科创新团队项目资助

摘要: 高分子结晶行为是高分子材料加工过程研究的热点,因为高分子组分和加工工艺控制着高分子结晶及其产物性能。差示扫描量热仪(DSC)是研究高分子结晶动力学常规手段。但是,普通DSC所能达到的最快降温速率一般无法抑制较快的样品结晶,结晶行为将在等温结晶动力学测试之前发生,因此可进行等温结晶的研究温度范围局限于较低结晶过冷度的高温区域。近年来,具有超快速升降温扫描速率和精准控温的快速扫描芯片量热仪(FSC,其商业化版本Flash DSC 1)得到了广泛应用。FSC可以抑制高分子样品在升降温过程中的结晶成核,避免对之后的结晶动力学测试产生影响。因此FSC技术将高分子结晶动力学的研究温度区间延伸至具有较大过冷度的低温区,加深了我们对高分子结晶成核机理以及高分子工业加工过程的理解。本文首先介绍了由初级成核方程描述的高分子结晶动力学原理,初级成核自由能位垒(ΔG*)和扩散活化能位垒(ΔU)分别控制了高低温区的结晶动力学。我们还总结了FSC技术的发展,包括氮化硅薄膜芯片技术、快速扫描量热仪、商业化Flash DSC 1在不同高分子结晶熔融行为研究中的应用。然后介绍表征高分子等温结晶动力学的方法,其中包括样品制备、质量估算、消除热历史、临界扫描速率的确定等,并举例介绍FSC在高分子结晶动力学研究中的应用,涵盖高分子总结晶动力学、结晶成核动力学、高分子焓松弛对结晶成核的影响、FSC联用技术等方面。应用举例中对应形貌和结晶信息,分析了通过FSC测试得到的结晶成核动力学特点。另外通过比较不同结构特点的高分子,总结了我们对结晶动力学行为的基本理解。总之,FSC技术是一种能够提供相转变动力学和热力学信息的高效工具,特别是应用于分析只能在快速扫描中得到的样品结构变化信息。同时我们希望本文能够帮助读者考虑超快扫描量热技术在其他材料研究上的应用,包括合金、药物、生物大分子等。

English

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  • 收稿日期:  2019-05-29
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