利用重氮化反应构建比率型电分析方法测定亚硝酸盐

牛湘衡 汪梦珠 胡盼旺 刘邦祥

引用本文: 牛湘衡, 汪梦珠, 胡盼旺, 刘邦祥. 利用重氮化反应构建比率型电分析方法测定亚硝酸盐[J]. 分析化学, 2022, 50(6): 869-877. doi: 10.19756/j.issn.0253-3820.221083 shu
Citation:  NIU Xiang-Heng,  WANG Meng-Zhu,  HU Pan-Wang,  LIU Bang-Xiang. A Ratiometric Electroanalytical Method Based on Diazotization Reaction for Detection of Nitrite[J]. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2022, 50(6): 869-877. doi: 10.19756/j.issn.0253-3820.221083 shu

利用重氮化反应构建比率型电分析方法测定亚硝酸盐

    通讯作者: 牛湘衡,E-mail:niuxiangheng@ujs.edu.cn
  • 基金项目:

    功能分子固体教育部重点实验室开放课题项目(No.FMS202001)和国家自然科学基金项目(No.21605061)资助。

摘要: 食品和水中过量的亚硝酸盐(Nitrite)会对人体健康和环境造成诸多危害,因此开发可靠、便捷、低成本的亚硝酸盐检测方法十分重要。本研究采用邻苯二胺(o-Phenylenediamine,OPD)作为探针,基于重氮化反应开发了一种便捷的比率型电分析方法,利用未修饰的丝网印刷电极(Screen-printed electrode,SPE)实现了对亚硝酸盐的高性能检测。OPD探针可在较低电位处产生一个氧化信号,亚硝酸盐可在较高电位处产生另一个氧化信号。当OPD与亚硝酸盐共存时,两者在酸性环境中会发生重氮化反应。随着亚硝酸盐浓度增大,其自身氧化信号增强,而游离的OPD因重氮化反应消耗而减少,导致此探针的氧化信号减弱,基于此实现了比率型电化学测量。本方法对亚硝酸盐的线性检测范围为10~300μmol/L,检出限(S/N=3)为4.7μmol/L,可对环境水样和腌酸水中的目标物进行准确测定。本方法的灵敏度和准确性优良,抗干扰能力强,操作简便,成本低廉,具有广阔的应用前景。

English


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  • 收稿日期:  2022-02-20
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