微波辅助GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8磁固相萃取-气相色谱-质谱联用分析薰衣草中的挥发性成分

陈萍 李丹丹 符继红 蒋欣幸

引用本文: 陈萍, 李丹丹, 符继红, 蒋欣幸. 微波辅助GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8磁固相萃取-气相色谱-质谱联用分析薰衣草中的挥发性成分[J]. 分析化学, 2022, 50(5): 747-756. doi: 10.19756/j.issn.0253-3820.210764 shu
Citation:  CHEN Ping,  LI Dan-Dan,  FU Ji-Hong,  JIANG Xin-Xing. Microwave-assisted GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8 Magnetic Solid Phase Extraction Combined with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry for Determination of Volatile Components in Lavender[J]. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2022, 50(5): 747-756. doi: 10.19756/j.issn.0253-3820.210764 shu

微波辅助GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8磁固相萃取-气相色谱-质谱联用分析薰衣草中的挥发性成分

    通讯作者: 符继红,E-mail:fjh.518@163.com
  • 基金项目:

    新疆维吾尔自治区自然科学基金项目(No.2020D01C032)和国家自然科学基金项目(No.21565024)资助。

摘要: 建立了一种微波辅助氧化石墨烯/四氧化三铁/2-甲基咪唑锌盐(GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8)磁固相萃取(MSPE)的新型样品前处理技术(GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8-MSPE),结合气相色谱-质谱联用(GC-MS)实现了对薰衣草中挥发性成分的快速分析。合成的磁性材料GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8中,Fe3O4纳米粒子具有磁性分离和微波吸收的双重作用,极大地提高了GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8的萃取效率。优化了GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8-MSPE的萃取参数,获得的最佳萃取条件为:5 mg GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8为吸附材料、乙酸乙酯为解吸附溶剂、微波功率600 W和微波提取时间10 min。对GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8-MSPE结合GC-MS的方法进行方法学考察,检测薰衣草挥发性成分的线性范围为0.01~1.20 mg/mL,相关系数(R2)大于0.9988,检出限(LOD)为0.15~0.56 ng,定量限(LOQ)为4.00~4.29 ng。在最佳萃取条件下,对2012年和2017年两个不同采摘批次的21个薰衣草的挥发性成分进行分析,共鉴定出49种化合物。采用主成分分析(PCA)进行了分析,结果表明,GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8-MSPE提取、GC-MS检测结合PCA可快速有效地鉴别不同采摘年份的薰衣草样品。实验结果表明,GO/Fe3O4/ZIF-8-MSPE萃取方法是一种快速、灵敏、简单的样品前处理技术,适合于分析天然产物中的挥发性成分。

English


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  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-22
  • 修回日期:  2021-12-20
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