二维片层卟啉基共价有机框架材料修饰电极用于污水中汞离子的高灵敏检测

彭灿伟 汪莉 陈受惠

引用本文: 彭灿伟, 汪莉, 陈受惠. 二维片层卟啉基共价有机框架材料修饰电极用于污水中汞离子的高灵敏检测[J]. 分析化学, 2022, 50(3): 356-364. doi: 10.19756/j.issn.0253-3820.210582 shu
Citation:  PENG Can-Wei,  WANG Li,  CHEN Shou-Hui. Two-dimensional Lamellar Porphyrin-based Covalent-Organic Framework Modified Electrode for Highly Sensitive Detection of Mercury Ions in Sewage[J]. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2022, 50(3): 356-364. doi: 10.19756/j.issn.0253-3820.210582 shu

二维片层卟啉基共价有机框架材料修饰电极用于污水中汞离子的高灵敏检测

    通讯作者: 陈受惠,E-mail:csh2k@jxnu.edu.cn
  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金项目(Nos.21765009,21964010,21465014,21665012)和江西省教育厅研究生创新基金项目资助。

摘要: 基于5,10,15,20-四(4-氨基苯)卟啉(TAPP)和对苯二甲醛(TPAL)间的胺醛缩合反应,合成了一种卟啉基共价有机框架材料(TAPP-TPAL-COF)。此材料呈多孔二维片层状,具有四边形拓扑结构和平面共轭π键。TAPP-TPAL-COF上丰富的π键可与玻碳电极(GCE)表面发生π-π共轭作用,被稳定地固载于电极表面。材料的多孔结构有利于Hg2+的传输,并且卟啉环上的4个N原子可与Hg2+发生配位作用,使溶液中的Hg2+富集于电极表面,从而提高传感器的灵敏度。基于TAPP-TPAL-COF修饰GCE构建了一种Hg2+电化学传感器,线性范围为10.9 nmol/L~17.5 μmol/L,检出限为3.3 nmol/L,灵敏度为111.5 μA·L/(μmol·cm2),仅需250 s即可完成检测。构建的TAPP-TPAL-COF传感器具有稳定性好、灵敏度高、线性范围宽、检出限低、响应速度快的特点,为现场实时检测重金属离子提供了一种可选方案。

English


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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-23
  • 修回日期:  2021-10-29
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