Ni-CuO/ITO电极对乙醇电催化氧化及检测的研究

曹厚勇 曹猛 毕怡 于乃森 郎明非 孙晶

引用本文: 曹厚勇, 曹猛, 毕怡, 于乃森, 郎明非, 孙晶. Ni-CuO/ITO电极对乙醇电催化氧化及检测的研究[J]. 分析化学, 2021, 49(10): 1722-1732. doi: 10.19756/j.issn.0253-3820.210565 shu
Citation:  CAO Hou-Yong,  CAO Meng,  BI Yi,  YU Nai-Sen,  LANG Ming-Fei,  SUN Jing. Ni-CuO/ITO Electrode for Electrooxidation and Detection of Ethanol[J]. Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 2021, 49(10): 1722-1732. doi: 10.19756/j.issn.0253-3820.210565 shu

Ni-CuO/ITO电极对乙醇电催化氧化及检测的研究

    通讯作者: 于乃森,E-mail:yunaisen@dlnu.edu.cn; 郎明非,E-mail:langmingfei@dlu.edu.cn; 孙晶,E-mail:sunjing@dlu.edu.cn
  • 基金项目:

    辽宁省-沈阳材料科学国家研究中心联合研发基金项目(Nos.2019JH3/30100006,2019010281-JH3/301)、辽宁省自然科学基金项目(No.2021JH6/10500143)和广西精密导航技术与应用重点实验室开放基金项目(No.DH2020015)资助。

摘要: 以氧化铟锡(ITO)导电玻璃为基底,依次电沉积Ni和CuO,制备Ni-CuO/ITO电极。扫描电子显微镜(SEM)表征结果显示,Ni-CuO呈纳米花状结构,均匀分布在ITO基底上,X射线衍射(XRD)结果显示,Ni-CuO主要成分为Ni、NiSO4和CuO。分别研究了不同电极在碱性条件(1 mol/L KOH)下对乙醇(100 mmol/L)的电化学催化性能,ITO和CuO/ITO电极未显示乙醇催化活性,而Ni-CuO/ITO电极的催化能力可达到氧化峰电流密度20.90 mA/cm2,为Ni/ITO电极的1.7倍。进一步研究了Ni-CuO/ITO电极在不同扫描速度(20~100 mV/s)与不同浓度(10~500 mmol/L)乙醇溶液中电化学响应信号的变化。考察了Ni和CuO的沉积量对Ni-CuO/ITO电极乙醇电催化氧化活性的影响,发现以恒电位法沉积Ni 300 s、循环伏安法沉积CuO两圈时,Ni-CuO/ITO电极对乙醇电催化氧化具有最高的催化活性。以计时电流法测量10000 s后剩余的氧化峰电流密度为初始值的54.39%,显示了电极优异的长期稳定性。氧化峰电流与乙醇浓度在0.1~15 mmol/L范围内呈良好的线性关系,灵敏度为150 μA/(cm2(mmol/L)),检出限为0.047 μmol/L (S/N=3),乙醇的回收率为95.2%~104.1%,并且NaCl、KCl、Na2HPO4、山梨酸和柠檬酸等物质对乙醇的检测无明显干扰,表明Ni-CuO/ITO电极具有潜在的应用前景。

English


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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-13
  • 修回日期:  2021-07-21
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