Citation: GAO Hui, LI Bing, JIN Xiao-Dong, BI Shu-Xian, TIAN Xiao-Yan, LIU Wan-Yi. Catalytic Kinetic on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate with a New Energetic Complex Based on 3,5-Bis(3-pyridyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole[J]. Chinese Journal of Structural Chemistry, ;2016, 35(12): 1902-1911. doi: 10.14102/j.cnki.0254-5861.2011-1165 shu

Catalytic Kinetic on the Thermal Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate with a New Energetic Complex Based on 3,5-Bis(3-pyridyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole







  • Corresponding author: LI Bing, nxdaxue@126.com
  • Received Date: 03 February 2016

    Fund Project: the National Natural Science Foundation of China 21263019 and 21467022

Figures(10)

  • A new energetic complex,[Co(3,3'-Hbpt)(Htm)]·H2O (1, 3,3'-Hbpt=3,5-bis(3-pyridyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole and H3tm=trimesic acid), has been synthesized by hydrothermal reactions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, elementary analysis, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and X-ray powder diffraction. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction indicates that the complex belongs to triclinic system, space group P1 with a=10.0911(1), b=10.2573(1), c=10.6393(1)Å, α=103.793(2), β=101.041(2), γ=107.918(3)°, V=974.9(2)Å3, Z=2, Dc=1.732 g·cm-3, μ=0.941 mm-1, Mr=508.31, F(000)=518, the final R=0.0523 and wR=0.0935 with I>2σ(I). In the title complex, Co(II) ions are connected by Htm2- anions generating 1D ladder-like chains which are linked by 3,3'-Hbpt to form 1D cages. In addition, the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate (AP) with complex 1 was explored by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). AP is completely decomposed in a shorter time in the presence of complex 1, and the decomposition heat of the mixture is 2.531 kJ·g-1, significantly higher than that of pure AP. By Kissinger's method, the ratio of Ea/ln(A) is 11.05 for the mixture, which indicates that complex 1 shows good catalytic activity toward the AP decomposition.
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