A Dy2 Complex Showing Outstanding Single⁃Molecule Magnet Behavior

Xiao-Yan XIN Xue-Jin ZHANG Feng-Jiao CHEN Yu WANG Chen YANG Na QIAO Ying SHI Wen-Min WANG

Citation:  Xiao-Yan XIN, Xue-Jin ZHANG, Feng-Jiao CHEN, Yu WANG, Chen YANG, Na QIAO, Ying SHI, Wen-Min WANG. A Dy2 Complex Showing Outstanding Single⁃Molecule Magnet Behavior[J]. Chinese Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 2022, 38(6): 1103-1111. doi: 10.11862/CJIC.2022.125 shu

一例具有显著单分子磁体行为的双核镝配合物

    通讯作者: 石瑛, ucia0812@163.com
    王文敏, wangwenmin0506@126.com
  • 基金项目:

    山西省高校科技创新项目 2021L404

摘要: 使用多齿席夫碱H2L(H2L=(E)-N′-(3-乙氧基-2-羟基亚苄基)-3-羟基吡啶甲酰肼)为配体,与Ln(dbm)3·2H2O(Ln=Dy (1)、Nd (2);dbm-=1, 3-dioxo-1, 3-diphenylpropan-2-ide)反应, 通过溶剂热法,成功得到了2例新的双核稀土配合物[Ln2(dbm)2(L)2(C2H5OH)2]。单晶X射线衍射结构表明:配合物12的结构主要由2个Ln(Ⅲ)离子、2个dbm-、2个L2-及2个C2H5OH组成,中心Ln(Ⅲ)离子通过2个μ2-O原子相互连接,形成一个平行四边形的Ln2O2核心。磁性研究表明,配合物1中Dy(Ⅲ)离子间存在铁磁耦合作用,且1表现出显著的单分子磁体行为。

English

  • In recent years, a large number of Ln(Ⅲ)-based complexes have been synthesized and used in the study of single-molecule magnets (SMMs), including binuclear[1], trinuclear[2], tetranuclear[3], pentanuclear[4], hexanuclear[5], heptanuclear[6], and octanuclear[7] Dy-(Ⅲ)-based complexes SMMs. Because the low nuclear complexes are easy to design and synthesize, the magnetic moment is easier to be an axial, and relatively large number of low nuclear Dy(Ⅲ)-based complexes showing SMMs behaviors have been reported[8-10]. Binuclear Dy(Ⅲ)-based SMMs are an important model system, which can be used to answer whether the relaxation of the system comes from the relaxation of a single ion or the whole molecule[11]. Therefore, a large number of binuclear Dy(Ⅲ)-based SMMs have been reported[12-14]. In 2011, Tang group prepared an asymmetric Dy(Ⅲ) binuclear complex [Dy2(ovph)2Cl2(MeOH)3] [15]. Through experimental tests and theoretical calculations, it is found that there is a ferromagnetic coupling between Dy(Ⅲ) in this complex. Feng group[16] reported a series of binuclear lanthanide complex, [Dy2(Mq)4(NO3)6] (Mq=2-methyl-8-hydroxyquinoline), which has exhibited SMM behavior. These binuclear Dy(Ⅲ)-based SMMs studies help to promote and stimulate the development of Ln(Ⅲ)-based single molecular magnetic materials and attract more inorganic chemists and materials scientists to design and construct Dy(Ⅲ)-based SMMs.

    Based on the above considerations, in this work, we try to find an efficient synthetic strategy for constructing two new Ln(Ⅲ)-based complexes showing remarkable magnetic behaviors. As shown in Scheme 1, a multidentate Schiff-base ligand H2L (H2L=(E)-N′-(3-ethoxy-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-3-hydroxypicolinohydrazide) with abundant coordination atoms and multiple coordination modes has been used to synthesize Ln(Ⅲ)-based binuclear complex. To further explore and study the relationship between the structure and magnetic properties of binuclear Ln(Ⅲ)-based complex, we designed and synthesized two new binuclear Ln(Ⅲ)-based complexes with the formula [Ln2(dbm)2(L)2(C2H5OH)2] (Ln=Dy (1), Nd (2); dbm-=1, 3-dioxo-1, 3-diphenylpropan-2-ide) via the solvothermal method by using H2L and Ln(dbm)3·2H2O. Structural analysis reveals that two central Ln(Ⅲ) ions are connected by two μ2-O atoms forming a "parallelogram-shaped" Ln2O2 core. Magnetic analysis shows that the ferromagnetic interaction exists between the adjacent two Dy(Ⅲ) ions and 1 has SMM behavior.

    Scheme 1

    Scheme 1.  Structure of H2L

    1, 3-Diphenyl-1, 3-propanedione, 3-ethoxysalicylaldehyde, 3-hydroxy-2-picolinyl hydrazide, and Ln(NO3)3 ·6H2O (Ln=Dy, Nd) were bought from Energy Chemical Co., Ltd., and the common solvents (ethanol, acetonitrile, and dichloromethane) were purchased from Komeo Reagent Co., Ltd. According to the previously reported method[17], the multidentate Schiff base ligand H2L was synthesized. Ln(dbm)3 ·2H2O was prepared according to the method reported in the literature[18].

    Elemental analyses for complexes 1 and 2 were performed on a Perkin-Elmer 2400 analyzer. Infrared spectra data were measured with a Bruker TENOR 27 spectrophotometer. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) data were collected using a Rigaku Ultima Ⅳ instrument with Cu radiation (λ =0.154 056 nm) in a 2θ range from 5° to 50°. The operating voltage and current were 40 kV and 25 mA, respectively. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) data were recorded using a NETZSCHTG 409 PC thermal analyzer. The magnetic measurements were performed through a Quantum Design MPMS-XL7 and a PPMS-9 ACMS magnetometer.

    1.2.1   Synthesis of H2L

    To a suspension of 3-ethoxysalicylaldehyde (20.0 mmol, 3.32 g) in 10 mL methanol was added 3-hydroxy-2-picolinyl hydrazide (20.0 mmol, 3.08 g). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The white precipitate was collected by filtration and washed with methanol. The crude product was dried under vacuum for 48 h to give the ligand (H2L) (Scheme 2). Yield: 3.99 g (63%). Elemental analysis Calcd. for C16H19N3O4(%): C, 60.50; H, 5.90; N, 13.23. Found(%): C, 60.55; H, 5.93; N, 13.24. IR (KBr, cm-1): 3 291(m), 2 980(w), 2 929(w), 2 875(w), 2 834(w), 1 660 (s), 1 623(m), 1 577(m), 1 532(m), 1 451(s), 1 388(w), 1 330(w), 1 267(w), 1 246(s), 1 172(w), 1 089(w), 1 077 (m), 1 116(w), 1 010(w), 950(w), 967(m), 900(m), 833(m), 802(m), 783(m), 741(s).

    Scheme 2

    Scheme 2.  Synthesis of H2L
    1.2.2   Synthesis of complexes 1 and 2

    The synthesis method of complexes 1 and 2 was similar. Ln(dbm)3·2H2O (0.025 mmol, 0.021 g) was added to a solution of H2L (0.025 mmol, 0.008 g) in 15 mL of CH3OH/CH2Cl2/CH3CN (3∶1∶1, V/V), and then the mixture was stirred for 30 min at room temperature. Whereafter, the mixture was sealed and packed in a glass sample vase (20 mL), which was heated at 80 ℃ for 24 h under autogenous pressure. Thereafter, it was cooled to room temperature, and yellow block crystals of 1 or 2 suitable for X-ray crystallography were obtained. The synthesis diagram of complexes 1 and 2 is shown in Scheme 3.

    Scheme 3

    Scheme 3.  Synthesis of complexes 1 and 2

    [Dy2(dbm)2(L)2(C2H5OH)2] (1). Yield: 35% (based on Dy(dbm)3·2H2O). Elemental analysis Calcd. for C64H60Dy2N6O14(%): C, 52.52; H, 4.10; N, 5.74. Found (%): C, 52.51; H, 4.09; N, 5.75. IR (KBr, cm-1): 3 639 (w), 2 973(m), 2693(w), 1 594(s), 1 549(s), 1 515(m), 1 479(s), 1 444(s), 1 379(s), 1 334(m), 1 293(s), 1 250 (s), 1214(w), 1148(s), 1 113(w), 1 073(w), 1 036(w), 972(w), 935(w), 899(w), 850(m), 809(w), 746(m), 684 (m), 609(m), 552(w), 434(w).

    [Nd2(dbm)2(L)2(C2H5OH)2](2). Yield: 36% (based on Nd(dbm)3·2H2O).Elemental analysis Calcd. for C64H60Nd2N6O14(%): C, 53.87; H, 4.20; N, 5.89. Found (%): C, 53.76; H, 4.19; N, 5.78. IR (KBr, cm-1): 3 644 (w), 3 056(w), 2973(m), 2 693(w), 1 594(s), 1 549(s), 1 515(m), 1 479(s), 1 444(s), 1 379(s), 1 334(m), 1 293(s), 1 250(s), 1 214(w), 1 148(s), 1 113(w), 1 073(w), 1 036(w), 972(w), 935(w), 899(w), 850(m), 809(w), 746(m), 684(m), 609(m), 552(w), 462(w).

    Single crystal X-ray diffraction data of 1 and 2 were collected on a computer-controlled Rigaku Saturn CCD area detector diffractometer, equipped with confocal monochromatized Mo radiation with a radiation wavelength of 0.071 073 nm, using the φ-ω scan technique. The structures of 1 and 2 were solved by direct methods and refined with a full-matrix least-squares technique based on F2 using the SHELXTL programs. Anisotropic thermal parameters were assigned to all non-hydrogen atoms. Crystallographic data and structure refinement parameters of complexes 1 and 2 are listed in Table 1. Selected bond lengths and angles are given in Table S1 and S2 (Supporting information).

    Table 1

    Table 1.  Crystallographic data and structure refinements for complexes 1 and 2
    下载: 导出CSV
    Parameter 1 2
    Formula C64H60Dy2N6O14 C64H60Nd2N6O14
    Formula weight 1 462.18 1 425.66
    T/K 150.0 150
    Crystal system Triclinic Triclinic
    Space group P1 P1
    a/nm 1.303 26(4) 1.311 32(10)
    b/nm 1.421 83(4) 1.427 74(10)
    c/nm 1.880 84(5) 1.880 80(12)
    α/(°) 100.036 0(12) 99.822(4)
    β/(°) 102.275 7(12) 102.555(5)
    γ/(°) 114.247 9(12) 113.953(5)
    V/nm3 2.968 23(15) 3.005 9(4)
    Z 2 2
    Crystal size/mm 0.36×0.31×0.28 0.37×0.26×0.13
    Dc/(g·cm-3) 1.636 1.575
    μ/mm-1 2.570 13.619
    Limiting indices -16 ≤ h ≤ 16, -17 ≤ k ≤ 17, -23 ≤ l ≤ 23 -16 ≤ h ≤ 16, -17 ≤ k ≤ 17, -23 ≤ l ≤ 17
    Reflection collected 74 997 37 740
    Unique reflection 12 159 12 168
    Parameter 787 787
    Rint 0.045 1 0.078 4
    GOF on F2 1.073 1.006
    R1, wR2 [I > 2σ(I)] 0.026 4, 0.068 6 0.054 4, 0.140 8
    R1, wR2 (all data) 0.036 5, 0.073 3 0.068 0, 0.154 8

    CCDC: 2100188, 1; 2133336, 2.

    Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that complexes 1 and 2 are isostructural and crystallize in the triclinic space group P1 with Z=2. Therefore, only the structure of 1 is described here in detail as a representative. As depicted in Fig. 1, complex 1 contains two Dy(Ⅲ) ions, two L2- ions, two coordinated C2H5OH molecules, and two dbm- ions. Each Dy(Ⅲ) ion center is eight-coordinated (Fig. 2), the central Dy1 ion is coordinated by two nitrogen atoms (N4 and N6) and six oxygen atoms (O14, O9, O12, O13, O10, and O10a) from two L2- ions, a C2H5OH molecule and two dbm- ions. The eight-coordinated center Dy(Ⅲ) ion shows a triangular dodecahedron. These geometrical configurations were confirmed by using the SHAPE 2.0 software (Table S3). The coordination modes of L2- and dbm- are shown in Fig. 3. L2- packages two central Dy(Ⅲ) ions by the mode of multidentate chelation, and dbm- connects each central Dy(Ⅲ) ions by the mode of bidentate chelation. Two central Dy(Ⅲ) ions are bridged by two μ2-O atoms (O10 and O10a) of two L2- ligands forming a parallelogram Dy2O2 core. In the Dy2O2 core, the distance of Dy1…Dy1a is 0.397 44(5) nm, the angles of Dy1— O10—Dy1a and O10—Dy1—O10a are 114.101° and 65.899°, respectively. Moreover, in complex 1, the bond distances of Dy—O are in a range of 0.217 2(2)-0.244 4(3) nm, and the Dy—N bond lengths are in a range of 0.248 5(3)-0.254 5(3) nm, respectively. The O—Dy—O bond angles are in a range of 65.61(9)°-148.30(9)°, which are comparable to those of the reported binuclear Dy(Ⅲ)-based complexes[19-20].

    Figure 1

    Figure 1.  Molecular structure of 1 shown with 30% probability displacement ellipsoids

    All hydrogen atoms are omitted for clarity; Symmetry code: a: -x, -y, 1-z

    Figure 2

    Figure 2.  (a) Coordination environment of Dy2; (b) Geometric polyhedron of Dy2 ions observed in complex 1

    Symmetry code: a: -x, -y, 1-z

    Figure 3

    Figure 3.  Coordination modes for L2- and dbm-

    Symmetry code: a: -x, -y, 1-z

    The purity of the crystal samples was checked by using PXRD. As shown in Fig. S2, the experimental PXRD patterns of 1 and 2 were almost identical to the corresponding simulated ones, which suggests that the purities of crystal samples 1 and 2 are high.

    The thermal stability of complexes 1 and 2 was studied using the crystalline samples under an air atmosphere from 25 to 800 ℃. The TGA curves of complexes 1 and 2 are shown in Fig.S3, and they exhibited similar thermal behaviors because they are isostructural. Herein, complex 1 is selected as a representative illustration. Between 40 and 223 ℃, a weight loss of 6.17% took place, which corresponds to the loss of two coordinated ethanol molecules (Calcd. 6.29%). Subsequently, a weight loss of 66.16% was observed from 223 to about 650 ℃, which is related to the loss of another twenty-one coordinated ethanol molecules (Calcd. 69.21%). Thereafter, complex 1 decomposed gradually in a temperature range of 450-800 ℃.

    Under an external field of 1 000 Oe, the static direct (dc) magnetic susceptibility study of complex 1 was performed in a temperature range of 2.0-300.0 K. As shown in Fig. 4, the room-temperature χMT value of complex 1 was 28.75 cm3·K·mol-1. This is in good agreement with the expected values for two isolated Dy(Ⅲ) ions (6H15/2, g=4/3) of 28.34 cm3·K·mol-1 for 1. When the temperature decreased, the χMT value of complex 1 decreased slowly in a range of 300.0-20.0 K. Then, the χMT value of complex 1 increased rapidly at 2.0 K, reaching the maximum value of 30.85 cm3·K· mol-1. This indicates the possible existence of ferromagnetic coupling between the adjacent Dy(Ⅲ) ions in 1[21].

    Figure 4

    Figure 4.  Temperature dependence of χMT at 1 000 Oe for complex 1

    For complex 1, due to both factors of spin-orbit coupling and electronic interaction, the 4fn electronic configuration of Dy(Ⅲ) ions can be split into 2s+1LJ spectral branches. Affected by the crystal field perturbation, each 2s+1LJ spectral term will be further split into multiple Stark sublevels, and these Stark sublevels are thermally populated. The population at these sublevels decreases with decreasing temperature, resulting in a decrease in the dc temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility values of Dy(Ⅲ) with decreasing temperature. The χMT vs T curve of complex 1 increased with decreasing temperature, indicating a ferromagnetic interaction between the Dy(Ⅲ) ions, which counteracts or surmounts the decreasing trend of the χMT value caused by the thermal depopulation of the Dy(Ⅲ) Stark sublevels, and occupies a dominant position at low temperature[22-23].

    To investigate the slow magnetic relaxation behavior of complex 1, alternating-current (ac) magnetic susceptibility was measured at 3.0 Oe ac field under a zero dc field and in a frequency range of 111-2 311 Hz (Fig. S4). Complex 1 exhibited remarkable frequency-dependent out-of-phase (χ″) signals and more than two peaks are observed in both in-phase (χ′) and χ″. This indicates multiple magnetic relaxation behavior, typical of SMM behavior in 1. To check the quantum tunneling of magnetization (QTM) effect above 2.0 K in 1, the variable-temperature ac susceptibilities were determined under an extra dc field of 5 000 Oe (Fig. 5). In the out-of-phase, remarkable shoulder peaks were observed in the frequency region (10-999 Hz) and temperature region (4.0-10.0 K), and the rising tail of χ″ at the low-temperature region was not observed. It proves that the quantum tunneling effect in complex 1 is pronounced and the QTM effect is suppressed under an external 5 000 Oe dc field. As shown in Fig. 6, we analyzed the frequency-dependent relaxation time and fitted the ln τ vs T-1 plot of 1 by using the Arrhenius law[24]: τ= τ0exp[Δ E/(kBT)]. The energy barrier (ΔE/kB) of 56.77 K and the pre-exponential factor (τ0) of 1.10×10-7 s were obtained. The τ0 of complex 1 was in the normal range of some reported values of 10-6-10-12 s for SMMs[25-28]. The ΔE/kB value of 1 was higher than some of the reported dinuclear dysprosium complexes[29-36] (Table 2).

    Figure 5

    Figure 5.  Temperature-dependence of χ′ and χ″ components of the ac magnetic susceptibility for 1 under 5 000 Oe dc field with an oscillation of 3.0 Oe

    Figure 6

    Figure 6.  Plot of ln τ vs T-1 fitting to the Arrhenius law for complex 1

    Table 2

    Table 2.  Comparison of energy barrier (ΔE/kB) of recently reported Dy2 SMMs and complex 1 in this work
    下载: 导出CSV
    Dy2-SMM ΔE/kB/K Reference
    [Dy2(hfac)4(L)2] 6.77 [29]
    [Dy2(L1)2(hfac)6]·C7H16 6.81 [30]
    [Dy2(tmhd)2L2(CH3OH)2] 13.14 [31]
    {[Dy2(bpda)3(H2O)3]4·2H2O} 1.14 [32]
    [Dy(bfa)2L]2 24.3 [33]
    [Dy2(dbm)4L·CH3OH] 28 [34]
    [Dy2(L2)2] 33 [35]
    Dy2(L1)2(L2)2(CH3CH2OH)(CH3OH) 61 [36]
    [Dy2(dbm)2(L)2(C2H5OH)2] 56.77 This work

    For further probing and studying the SMM behavior of 1, in the temperature range of 2.0-14.0 K, the frequency dependence (0-10 000 Hz) of χ′ and χ″ magnetic ac susceptibility was measured under an external field of Hdc=0 Oe (Fig. 7). The χ″ vs ν plot of 1 showed evident peaks, indicating that SMM behavior exists in 1[37-40].

    Figure 7

    Figure 7.  Frequency dependence of χ′ and χ″ for 1 at 2.0-14.0 K under a zero dc field

    From the frequency dependence of χ″, we obtained the ln τ vs T-1 curve (Fig.S5). It is noteworthy that the plot of ln τ vs T-1 showed an obvious curvature, which indicates that perhaps another relaxation pathway is also operative. In view of this, we fitted the ln τ vs T-1 plot by using the equation[41]: ln τ =-ln{AT+B+CTn+τ0-1exp[ΔE/(kBT)]}, where AT+B, CTn, and τ0-1exp[ΔE/(kBT)] represent direct, Raman and Orbach relaxation processes, respectively. The best-fitting was obtained for ΔE/kB=55.08 K, τ0=1.73×10-7 s, n=4.9, A= 0.387 6 s-1 ·K-4.9, and C=0.065 43. The small A and C parameters indicate that the relaxation process can dominate by the Orbach mechanism at high temperatures and the Raman mechanism at low temperatures where the curvature of the Arrhenius plot is the transition from Raman to Orbach relaxation.

    The Cole-Cole plots of complex 1 are shown in Fig. 8. The Debye model was used to fit the Cole-Cole curves in a temperature range of 2.0 to 14.0 K, and the obtained α values were in a range of 0.17-0.65. However, some curves were not well fitted because there wasn′t only one semicircle at these temperatures (T=4.0-9.0 K), and good results were also not obtained for double magnetic relaxation fitting. The large α value indicates that there is a wide magnetic relaxation distribution in complex 1, and there may be multiple magnetic relaxation processes in 1.

    Figure 8

    Figure 8.  Cole-Cole plots for 1 measured under a zero dc field

    Red solid lines are the best fitting to the experimental data, obtained with the generalized Debye model with α=0.17-0.65 for 1

    In summary, we have designed and synthesized two new binuclear Ln(Ⅲ)-based complexes by using a flexible polydentate Schiff base ligand (H2L) and Ln(dbm)3·2H2O (Ln=Dy, Nd). The structures analysis reveals that the two central Ln ions are connected by two μ2-O atoms forming a "parallelogram-shaped" Ln2O2 core. Magnetic studies show that the ferromagnetic interaction exists between the adjacent two Dy(Ⅲ) ions and the Dy2 complex has single-molecule magnet behavior. As part of our research interests, the continued study of other Ln(Ⅲ)-based complexes is currently in progress for exploring outstanding properties.

    Supporting information is available at http://www.wjhxxb.cn


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  • Scheme 1  Structure of H2L

    Scheme 2  Synthesis of H2L

    Scheme 3  Synthesis of complexes 1 and 2

    Figure 1  Molecular structure of 1 shown with 30% probability displacement ellipsoids

    All hydrogen atoms are omitted for clarity; Symmetry code: a: -x, -y, 1-z

    Figure 2  (a) Coordination environment of Dy2; (b) Geometric polyhedron of Dy2 ions observed in complex 1

    Symmetry code: a: -x, -y, 1-z

    Figure 3  Coordination modes for L2- and dbm-

    Symmetry code: a: -x, -y, 1-z

    Figure 4  Temperature dependence of χMT at 1 000 Oe for complex 1

    Figure 5  Temperature-dependence of χ′ and χ″ components of the ac magnetic susceptibility for 1 under 5 000 Oe dc field with an oscillation of 3.0 Oe

    Figure 6  Plot of ln τ vs T-1 fitting to the Arrhenius law for complex 1

    Figure 7  Frequency dependence of χ′ and χ″ for 1 at 2.0-14.0 K under a zero dc field

    Figure 8  Cole-Cole plots for 1 measured under a zero dc field

    Red solid lines are the best fitting to the experimental data, obtained with the generalized Debye model with α=0.17-0.65 for 1

    Table 1.  Crystallographic data and structure refinements for complexes 1 and 2

    Parameter 1 2
    Formula C64H60Dy2N6O14 C64H60Nd2N6O14
    Formula weight 1 462.18 1 425.66
    T/K 150.0 150
    Crystal system Triclinic Triclinic
    Space group P1 P1
    a/nm 1.303 26(4) 1.311 32(10)
    b/nm 1.421 83(4) 1.427 74(10)
    c/nm 1.880 84(5) 1.880 80(12)
    α/(°) 100.036 0(12) 99.822(4)
    β/(°) 102.275 7(12) 102.555(5)
    γ/(°) 114.247 9(12) 113.953(5)
    V/nm3 2.968 23(15) 3.005 9(4)
    Z 2 2
    Crystal size/mm 0.36×0.31×0.28 0.37×0.26×0.13
    Dc/(g·cm-3) 1.636 1.575
    μ/mm-1 2.570 13.619
    Limiting indices -16 ≤ h ≤ 16, -17 ≤ k ≤ 17, -23 ≤ l ≤ 23 -16 ≤ h ≤ 16, -17 ≤ k ≤ 17, -23 ≤ l ≤ 17
    Reflection collected 74 997 37 740
    Unique reflection 12 159 12 168
    Parameter 787 787
    Rint 0.045 1 0.078 4
    GOF on F2 1.073 1.006
    R1, wR2 [I > 2σ(I)] 0.026 4, 0.068 6 0.054 4, 0.140 8
    R1, wR2 (all data) 0.036 5, 0.073 3 0.068 0, 0.154 8
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table 2.  Comparison of energy barrier (ΔE/kB) of recently reported Dy2 SMMs and complex 1 in this work

    Dy2-SMM ΔE/kB/K Reference
    [Dy2(hfac)4(L)2] 6.77 [29]
    [Dy2(L1)2(hfac)6]·C7H16 6.81 [30]
    [Dy2(tmhd)2L2(CH3OH)2] 13.14 [31]
    {[Dy2(bpda)3(H2O)3]4·2H2O} 1.14 [32]
    [Dy(bfa)2L]2 24.3 [33]
    [Dy2(dbm)4L·CH3OH] 28 [34]
    [Dy2(L2)2] 33 [35]
    Dy2(L1)2(L2)2(CH3CH2OH)(CH3OH) 61 [36]
    [Dy2(dbm)2(L)2(C2H5OH)2] 56.77 This work
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 发布日期:  2022-06-10
  • 收稿日期:  2021-09-07
  • 修回日期:  2022-04-18
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