十二烷基硫酸钠对聚乙烯醇亚浓水溶液流变行为的影响

徐绍深 杜淼 宋义虎 吴子良 郑强

引用本文: 徐绍深, 杜淼, 宋义虎, 吴子良, 郑强. 十二烷基硫酸钠对聚乙烯醇亚浓水溶液流变行为的影响[J]. 高分子学报, 2020, 51(4): 403-410. doi: 10.11777/j.issn1000-3304.2019.19178 shu
Citation:  Shao-shen Xu, Miao Du, Yi-hu Song, Zi-liang Wu, Qiang Zheng. Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate on the Rheological Behavior of Poly(vinyl alcohol) Aqueous Solution[J]. Acta Polymerica Sinica, 2020, 51(4): 403-410. doi: 10.11777/j.issn1000-3304.2019.19178 shu

十二烷基硫酸钠对聚乙烯醇亚浓水溶液流变行为的影响

    通讯作者: E-mail: dumiao@zju.edu.cn
摘要: 表面活性剂会影响聚乙烯醇(PVA)分子间及分子内氢键形成,进而改变其水溶液的流变响应. 本文在确定十二烷基硫酸钠(SDS)在PVA亚浓水溶液中的临界聚集浓度(CAC)和临界胶束浓度(CMCP)基础上,考察了SDS对PVA亚浓溶液(10 wt%)流变行为的影响. 研究发现,不同浓度SDS (csur)对PVA水溶液稳态流变行为的影响差异较大: (1) 当csur < CAC,随着csur增加,复合溶液的表观黏度(ηa)变化不大;(2) 当CAC < csur < CMCPηacsur增加而下降,csur = CMCP时,ηa最低,且该区域内显示较宽的第二平台;(3) 当csur > CMCP,随着csur增加,胶束起物理交联点作用,ηa增大,复合溶液的动态储能模量亦显著增大. 加入SDS后,PVA体系内结合水的数目降低,但当csur > CMC后,结合水的数目几乎不变,黏流活化能也表现出相近的变化规律. 与稀溶液相比,SDS对PVA亚浓溶液的降黏幅度较大.

English


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  • 发布日期:  2020-04-01
  • 收稿日期:  2019-09-29
  • 修回日期:  2019-11-11
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